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  • ID:4-5077388 高中英语语法初步解析

    高中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    高中英语语法初步解析 学习英语句法要始终抓住句子的"成分"和"语序",简单地说句法要掌握的就是各成分在句子中的位置,即英语的表达习惯,而不是中文的表达习惯。同时,要学好简单句,因为并列句、复合句以及特殊句式都是从简单句中变化而来的。一般而言,并列句是简单句加并列连词加简单句。复合句是主句加从属连词加从句,从句在主句中担任什么成分就叫什么从句。特殊句式是从正常语序根据语法需要变化而来。总之,句法讲究的是"形式主义",这是中英表达的差异之一。不能很好的构建这种形式是句法学习的难点。下面附简单句的基本结构图。 句法掌握不好影响最大的最明显的是写作(书面表达)。高考书面表达的评分要求是:使用较多的语法结构,尽可能使用较复杂的语法结构,准确地使用语法结构,避免语法结构错误,语法结构单调。如果你写不出语法结构正确的句子,很难在写作中得高分 因为涉及句子的成分--谓语,谓语动词可以说是一个句子的灵魂,正确的谓语动词的形式是写好句子最基本的条件,所以本全集将主谓一致、谓语动词的时态与语态、谓语动词的时态与语态的特殊情况、不规则动词表以及虚拟语气收集在句法部分。 语法填空 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Mr. James owns a company. He put an advertisement __1__ a newspaper for a boy to work in his office. Out of nearly fifty people__2__ came to apply, the man selected one and dismissed __3__ others. "I would like to know," said a friend, "the reason you preferred that boy, who brought neither a single letter, __4__ a single recommendation." "You are wrong," said the gentlemen. "He had many. He wiped his feet at the door and closed the door behind him, __5__ (mean) that he was careful. He gave his seat immediately to an old man, showing that he was kind and __6__ (thought). He took off his cap when he came in and answered my questions quickly, showing that he was a polite gentleman. Everyone else stepped over the book that I __7__ (put) on the floor purposely. He picked __8__ up and placed it on the table, and he waited quietly for his turn instead of pushing and crowding. When I talked to him, I noticed his tidy clothing, his__9__ (neat) brushed hair, and his clean finger mails. Can't you see that these are excellent recommendations? I considered them to be more significant than__10__ (letter). Hearing the words, the friend nodded in agreement. ↓↓↓Click here答案自查 1.考查介词搭配,in 2.考查定语从句,who/that 3.考查冠词,the 4.考查连词,nor 5.考查非谓语动词,meaning 6.考查词性与构词法,thoughtful 7.考查时态,had put 8.考查代词,it 9.考查词性与构词法,neatly 10.考查名词的复数,letters 句子成分 一.主语 a. 谓语动词前,动作的执行者。 1. English is widely used all over the world.? 2. We like English very much. 3. They often speak English after class. 4. One third of the students in our class are good at English. 5. To master a foreign language is necessary. ? ? ?=It is necessary to master a foreign language. 6. To swim in summer is a great pleasure. ? ? ?=It is a great pleasure to swim in summer. . 二.谓语 a. 主语所做的动作或具有的状态。 b. 可以由连系动词(be, become, smell…), 及物动词(vt,后须带宾语), 不及物动词(vi,后不直接带宾语), 情态动词(must, may, can…)加动词原形及短语动词来充当; c. 谓语动词的时态与语态; d. 不作谓语的动词称为非谓语动词,动词作其它成分。 1. He looked a little bit excited. 2. They have been here for several days. 3. Li Ming fell ill last week. 4. The foreign guests have already left. 三.表语 a. 放在连系动词后,表示主语的内容、状态和特征等。 1. The food smells good/nice. 2. The country music is becoming more and more popular. 3. Mr. King is our teacher of English. 4. Beijing is the capital of China. 5. She was the first to learn about it. 6. This English-Chinese dictionary is hers. 7. The door remained open. 四.宾语 a. 动作的对象,位于及物动词后。介词后作介词宾语。 b. ...作...的宾语。 1. He is going to buy a dictionary. 2. I need three pieces of paper. 3. We are thinking about the plan. 4. We should learn from him.? 5. We should respect the old and love the young. 五.定语 a. 用来限定,修饰名词或代词。要注意定语后置的情况。 b. ...限定...(名、代)。 1. Hangzhou is a beautiful city 2. More than thirty students in our class have read the book 3. His rapid progress in English made us surprised. 4. You should follow the doctor’s advice and do more exercises. 5. There are over sixty women teachers in our school. 定语后置的情况: 1. 介词短语作定语 ? ?? ? ?the students in our class/ the boy under the tree 2. doing/done/to do短语作定语 ?? ? ?the bridge built 100 years ago /? ? ?the language spoken there something to do 3. 形容词修饰不定代词any-, every-, no-, some- 和 -body,-one, -thing 等 ? ?something interesting/new 4. here/ there/ above/ below/concerned (相关的) / present/ ? ?people there/ the picture above/ ? ? people concerned ? ? ?people present 5. 形容词短语作定语 ? ? ?? ? ?the basket full of fruits? ? ?a place worth a visit 6. 定语从句 7. 两个形容词用and 或or连接作定语,进一步说明作用时。 ? ?people, young or old 找一找下面句子中折后置定语。 1. He did everything possible to help us.? 2. There is something wrong with the computer.? 3. They are the boys easiest to teach.? 4. Students brave enough to take this adventure course will certainly learn a lot of useful skills.? 5. Power stations, large and small, have been set up all over the country.? 6. The basket full of fruits belongs to the beautiful girl.? 7. Every book, new or old , should be put in the room.? 8. The Smiths need a car garage twice larger than this one.? 9. The professors present at the meeting came from Shandong University.? 10. A car worth $ 80,000 is not too dear for him to buy.? 11. People in the village, young and old, went to see the film yesterday evening.? 12. They produced gases almost as harmful as the gases from the factories.? 13. There was an ancient tree 30 metres high.? 14. People aware of their own shortcomings are wise.? 六.状语 a. 用来修饰动词,形容词,副词或整个句子; b. 说明时间,地点,条件,原因,目的,结果,程度,伴随等情况。 1. Light travels most quickly. ?He drives his car carefully. 2. He has lived in the city (since ten years ago). 3. Factories and buildings are seen here and there. 4. He is proud to have passed the English exam. 5. To buy a computer, I need money. 七.宾语补足语 a. 有些宾语后须跟宾补,否则句子意义不完整,用来说明宾语的状态或特征。 八.同位语 a. 用来对名词或代词的进一步解释,可由单词,短语或从句来充当; b. 可以理解为:名语A=名词B, B作为A的同位语。 1. Beijing, the capital of China, is my hometown. 2. Mr. White, our English teacher, is very kind to us. 语气是动词的一种形式,表示说话人对某一行为或事情的看法和态度。可分为: a. 陈述语气:表示动作或状态是现实的、确定的或符合事实的,用于陈述句、疑问句和某些感叹句。 b. 祈使语气:表示说话人对对方的请求或命令。 c. 虚拟语气:表示动作或状态不是客观存在的事实,而是说话人的主观愿望、假设或推测等。 虚拟语气的用法 在条件状从句中(条件从句有两类,一是真实条件句,另一是虚拟条件句。) ▲含蓄的虚拟语气 but for(要不是) = ( If there weren’t for…/ If there hadn’t been for…) without..., otherwise(否则)=or .... ▲当条件状语从句表示的行为和主句表示的行为所发生的时间不一致时,动词的形式要根据它所表示的时间来调整。 ▲从句省略if, 用倒装句式“were (had, should) + 主语” ▲as if(though) 好像,似乎;wish(that…), 但愿;would rather(that…) 宁愿某人…;If only 要是…就好了 1) I'd rather he didn’t go now. 2) I wish you would stop asking silly questions. 2. 名词性从句中“建议,吃惊”等语气 1) 在宾语从句中 ? 在表示建议、要求、命令等的动词suggest(建议)advise(劝告) propose(建议)demand(要求)require(要求)insist(坚持要求)request(要求)command(命令)order(命令)等后的宾语从句中 ▲suggest, insist不表示建议或坚持要求某人做某事时,即它们用于其本意暗示、坚持认为时,宾语从句用陈述语气。 Jane's pale face suggested that she was ill, and her parents suggested that she have a medical examination. The old man insisted that I had taken his wallet. In fact, I didn't.2) 在同位语从句和表语从句中 ?表示建议、要求、命令等的名词advise、order、demand、plan、proposal、suggestion、request等表语和同位语从句中。 3) 在主语从句中 ?谓语动词的虚拟语气用 (should) do 的结构,表示惊奇、不相信、理应如此还可用来表示建议、命令、要求和失望等。 注意:如果说人对这种事实表现出惊奇的情感,就可用虚拟语气。反之,如果不表示惊奇等情感,that从句也可用陈述句语气。 It is a pity that you can’t swim.? It is a pity that ?that she didn’t come yesterday. 3、其他形式的虚拟语气 1) 动词 think; hope; expect; want; mean; intend; plan ? 等表示过去未曾实现的愿望,意为“过去本来…” I had hoped that she would go to the USA and study there, but she liked to stay in China. 2) 用于in case 或for fear that引导的状语从句中。 Don't lock the door in case he should come back late at ?night. Take the umbrella for fear that it should rain tomorrow 简单句 由一个(并列)主语和一个(并列)谓语构成的句子. 1) He works hard at English. 2) Both Tom and Jack enjoy pop music. 3) We sang and danced yesterday evening. 4) My brother and I go to school at half past seven in the morning and come back at seven in the evening. 1简单句的五种基本结构 -- 各成分在句中的排列顺序(语序) ①主语+连系动词+表语 ?( S + V + P ?) 连系动词:连系主语和表语,没有被动形式,后接形容词,名词。说明主语的状况、性质、特征等情况。有些系动词又可作实义动词。 (1) 表状态: be/stand/lie/stay/keep/remain/fall... ?? (2) 表变化: turn/become/get/grow/go/come... (3) 表感觉: taste/smell/sound/look/feel/ appear/seem... (4) 表证实: prove/turn out... 1) The fish smells terrible. It must be bad. 2) Alice is like his father. She is friendly to everyone. ②主语+不及物动词 ?( S + Vi )? a.及物动词(vt): 后须带宾语。如: receive, find, like, buy等。 b.不及物动词(vi): 后不需宾语,如要加宾语须有介词。如: look, go, listen, work, rise, sit, come, happen等。不及物动词没有被动形态。 c.有些动词既可作及物又可作不及物,如: ring, speak, grow, read, sing等 1) My father has gone abroad. ?? ? ? Ann is waiting for Kate at the gate. ③主语+及物动词+宾语 ( S + Vt + O ) ? a. 及物动词除单词动词以外, 还有短语动词, 它由单词动词加介,副词构成。在使用时,作为一个整体来看,它也可分为及物和不及物. b.(及物动词) look into/ call on/ look after/ work out/ catch up with/ go on with/ break away from/ look down upon/ take care of/ take part in/ play a part in/ be afraid of / be fond of/ be familiar with… (不及物动词) ...stay up/ break out/ come out/ die out/ look out/ give in/ turn up/ come back/ set out 1) I usually do my homework at home in the evening. 2) Canada has a great deal of coal, oil and gas. 3) He decided to work harder at English. 10)You'd better look up the word in a dictionary. ④主语+及物+间接宾语/人+直接宾语/物 ( S + Vt + IO + DO ) 可接双宾语的常用动词 a.间接宾语也可位于直接宾语后,此时两者之间要加介词for或to.? b. 有些动词只能以"动词 + 事物 + to / for 某人" 出现。 主语+及物+宾语+宾补  ( S + Vt + O + Oc ) a. 宾语补足语和宾语合称为复合宾语。汉语中含有“使成为,称作,以为,保持”等意义的动词常带复合宾语。如:call/ consider/ think/ elect/ find/make/ leave/ …? 1) You must keep the room clean and tidy. 2) We consider the boy (to be) honest. 3) We found a man lying on the ground. 2下列各句含有什么状语从句 01. It was raining when he arrived at the station. 02. He kept working as if nothing had happened. 03. He was so angry that?he left there without saying a word. 04. The project was completed earlier than we had expected. 05. As soon as he came to the classroom, he began to read English. 06. Now that?you have grown up, you must do it by yourself. 07. The teacher spoke clearly so that his students could understand. 08. I won’t go to the party unless I am invited. 09. I will buy the picture, however?expensive it is. 10. Make a mark (记号) where you have any questions. 11. He didn’t come to school because he was ill.? 12. No matter what you say, no one believes you. 13. I have written to him twice since?I left school. 14. Even though?I may fail, ?I will try again. 15. Take a raincoat with you in case it rains. 4目的状语从句 5结果状语从句 6让步状语从句 7比较状语从句 8方式状语从句 9原因状语从句 4同义连词与介词的用法比较 连词: because; though; ?in case; ?as (随着); ?in order that; ?as soon as; while (在…过程中); since …后接状语从句介词:?because of; ?despite/ in spite of; in case of; ?with; ?on/upon (一…就…); during; since…后接名词或代词. in order (to do不定式); 1. He didn't come to school because he was ill. =He didn't come to school______ his illness. 2. Though he is ill, he still goes to school. =______his illness, he still goes to school.? 3. You'd better take an umbrella with you in case it rains. =You'd better take an umbrella with you______ rain. 4. I work hard ______ I can catch up with others. =I work hard in order to catch up with others. 5. ______science and technology develop, people's life is becoming better. =With the development of science and technology, people's life is becoming better. 6. As soon as I return, I will phone you. ?? =______ my return, I will phone you. 1. because of ?2. Despite或 In spite of ?3. in case of ?4. in order that ?5. As ? 6. On/Upon 5用适当的连词填空 01. We must wait ______the train gets to the station. 02. It is six months ______ she began to teach in our school. 03. ______ he has walked a long way, he doesn’t look a bit tired. 04. We won't go to the town ______it rains. 05. I ws taking a walk ______ I met with an old friend. 06. ______I could stop him, he had rushed out. 07. ______much I tried, I failed to work out the maths problem. 08. He took off his coat ______he felt hot. 09. ______ she says, I won't believe her. 10. ______everybody is here, let's begin our meeting. 11. You will never make progress ______ you work hard. 12. Hardly had he begun to speak ______the audience cheered. 13. Read the text slowly _____you may understand the story better. 14. ______time goes by, the boys know more and more. 15. Matches should be kept _______children can’t get them. 16. The lady spoke ______she were a young girl. 1.until/till ?2.since ?3.Though ?4.if ? 5.when ?6.Before ?7.However或No matter how ?8.because ?9.No matter what或Whatever ?10.Since ? 11.unless ?12.when 13.so that ?14.As ?15.where ?16.as if

  • ID:4-4335448 2018届南京、盐城一模英语试题点评和每道题的详细解析

    高中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    试卷原卷下载https://www.21cnjy.com/H/4/39951/4216586.shtml 2018届南京、盐城一模点评和每道题的详细解析 前言 2018届南京、盐城一模这套卷子,相比二模,三模而言,不偏不怪,难度适中。其中完型的命题套路和高考相似,阅读理解的阅读量比高考小,但是还是以同义替换为主打。任务型低于高考难度,以同义替换和固定搭配为主。写作难度与高考持平,素材的生僻程度应该低于2017年的电影票房收入,但是2幅图加大了考生30个字概括的难度。 此套试卷82分算合格,98分算高分。 单选 总评:单选难度中规中矩,词汇以词义辨析和语境选词为主,语法常规考察项目都有涉及,难度不大。情景交际和谚语、俗语也不偏不倚,综合难度低于2017年高考难度,考生要有信心冲刺单选满分。 答案:21. B 22.D 23. A 24. D 25. A 26. D 27.C 28. A 29. B 30. C 31. C 32.C 33. B 34. A 35. D 详细解析: 第21题考察名词词义辨析。A为循环/传播/流通,B为交换,C为传播,D为密谋/策划/绘制。根据句意:他们都坐在桌边,谈笑风生,交换各自分别多年后的故事。可知选B。 第22题考察名词词义辨析。A为当代的,B为宗教的,C为(有关)历史的,D为共同的/普世的。根据句意:这部叫做Coco的电影包含了两个普世的主题,即追求梦想以及我们该如何记住我们所爱之人。可知选D。 第23题考察名词词义辨析。A为表示某人态度的姿态(熟词僻义),B为影响/作用,C为计划/方案,D为概念。根据句意:小小的(表明个人态度的)姿态往往能创造巨大的福气。可知选A。 第24题考察动词短语固定搭配。A为确保,B为趋向/往往,C为达到/相当于,D为同意/赞成。根据句意:对一个人来说,当他不知道另一个世界的样子的时候,他是很难赞成接受它们的。故选D。 第25题考察副词词义辨析。A为实在/根本/简直(熟词僻义),B为相同地,C为牢固地/坚决地,D为

    • 文字素材
    • 2018-03-20
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  • ID:4-4212584 《普通高中英语课程标准(2017年版)》(WORD版)

    高中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    普通高中 英语课程标准 (2017年版) 中华人民共和国教育部制定 人民教育出版社 ·北京· 前言 党的十九大明确提出:“要全面贯彻党的教育方针,落实立德树人根本任务,发展素质教育,推进教育公平,培齐德智体美全面发展的社会主义建设者和接班人。 基础教育课程承载着党的教育方针和教育思想,规定了教育目标和教育内容,是国家意志在教育领域的直接体现,在立德树人中发挥着关键作用。 2003年,教育部印发的普通高中课程方案和课程标准实验稿,指导了十余年来普通高中课程改革的实践,坚持了正确的改革方向和先进的教育理念,基本建立起适合我国国情、适应时代发展要求的普通高中课程体系,促进了教育观念的更新,推进了人才培养模式的变革,提升了教师队伍的整体水平,有效推动了考试评价制度的改革,为我国基础教育质量的提高作出了积极贡献。但是,面对经济、科技的迅猛发展和社会生活的深刻变化,面对新时代社会主要矛盾的转化,面对新时代对提高全体国民素质和人才培养质量的新要求,面对我国高中阶段教育基本普及的新形势,普通高中课程方案和课程标准实验稿还有一些不相适应和亟待改进之处。 2013年,教育部启动了普通高中课程修订工作。本次修订深入总结21世纪以来我国普通高中课程改革的宝贵经验,充分借鉴国际课程改革的优秀成果,努力将普通高中课程方案和课程标准修订成既符合我国实际情况,又具有国际视野的纲领性教学文件,构建具有中国特色的普通高中课程体系。 一、修订工作的指导思想和基本原则 (一)指导思想 以马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观、习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,深入贯彻党的十八大、十九大精神,全面贯彻党的教育方针,落实立德树人根本任务,发展素

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    • 2018-01-21
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  • ID:4-4193470 走遍美国-中英对照文本(绝对全面)

    高中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    Excuse me. My name is Richard Stewart. 对不起,我叫Richard Stewart, I'm a photographer. 我是一位摄影师。 May I take a picture of you and your little boy? 我可以替你和你的小男孩拍一张照吗? What's it for? 是做什么用的? It's for a book. 是为一本书拍的。 You're writing a book? 你在写一本书吗? It's a book of pictures. 这是一本摄影集。 I call it Family Album, U.S.A. 我称之为「美国写真」。 Oh, that's a nice idea. 噢,这想法不错。 Well, it's fine if you take our picture. 你想拍我们的照,就请吧。 提高口语听力辅助文本,欢迎下载采纳。

  • ID:4-4175686 高中英语常见易错语法题和表达方式的归纳

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    时态 1. He studied in Shanghai for 7 years and he is now working in Beijing.www.21-cn-jy.com 2. It is the first time that he has come here and now it is high time that he was showed around/should be showed around. 3. By this time next summer, you will have found a high paying job. I, on the other hand, will still be studying for my degree. 4. Nobody could have guessed, in those days, the place in the world’s history that Edison was to have. 5. The boss has promised to give us a two-week vacation if we accomplish the task on time, but I wonder if he will keep his word. 6. – You look very tired, Robert? -- I stayed up all night, talking with my friend.【来源: 资料为平时教学总结的学生常错易错的点,具有代表性。适合高三师生借鉴。

  • ID:4-4135742 探究高中英语高效课堂设计与实施 PDF版

    高中英语/素材专区/其他资料

    【摘要】《普通高中英语课程标准》指出:“高中英语课程改革的主要目的是:建立新的外语教育教学理念,使课程设置和课程内容具有时代性、基础性和选择性。”新课标的基本理念包括“提供多种选择,适应个性需求”“优化学习方式,提高自主学习能力”“关注学生情感,提高人文素养”。

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  • ID:4-4124706 初高中英语智力竞赛题选粹

    高中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    初高中英语智力竞赛题选粹 <1>     If you drop a white hat into the Red Sea, what does it become? <2>     Who earns a living by driving his customers away? <3>     What starts with E, ends with E and only has one letter? <4>     Where do you find giant snails? <5>     What two things can't you have for breakfast? ANSWER <1>  Wet <2>  Taxi driver <3>  An envelope <4>  On the ends of their fingers <5>  Lunch and breakfast 21世纪教育网版权所有 1.Why are girls afraid of the letter C ? 2.Why is the letter E so important? 3.Why are the letter G and letter S in "gloves" close to each other? 4.What letter is an animal ? 5.What letter is a question? 6.Why is U the jolliest letter? 7.How do you feel today? 8.How can you make a rope shorter without cutting or winding it? 9.Why do people wish for something they haven't got? 10.What can you tell from Peter's record card with extremely poor grades? 11.What does everybody do at the same time? 12.What resembles half a pie? 13.Who works only one day in a year but never gets fired? 14.When do people have two mouth? 15.Why do lions eat raw meat? 16.How many sides does a circle have? 17.What animal can jump as high as a tree?www.rr365.com 18.How can you be completely sleepless for seven days and still lack no rest? 19.Where was the Declaration of Independence signed? 20.If you throw

  • ID:4-4064500 2018年高考英语复习六大难点解析

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    难点1 并非只表抽象的抽象名词 抽象名词一般看作不可数名词,但有时也可与冠词连用,表示具体化。   1. Jumping out of airplane at ten thousand feet is quite_____exciting experience.   A.不填;the B.不填;an C.an;an D.the;the   2. Many people agree that_____knowledge of English is______must in international trade today.   A.a;a B.the;an C.the;the D.不填;the   3. One way to understand thousands of new words is to gain________good knowledge of basic word information. 21教育网   A./ B.the C.a D.one   4.-I hear that as many as 150 people were killed in the earthquake. 21c 2018年高考英语复习六大难点解析

  • ID:4-4038124 高中英语语法攻略100句背诵

    高中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    1. It is/has been 3 years since he got married.
    他结婚3年了。
    2. It will be 3 years /a long time before everything returns to normal.21世纪教育网版权所有
    (将)要3年/很长时间一切才恢复原状。
    3. It was 3 hours before the fire was put out.
    过了三个小时大火才被扑灭。
    4. It won’t be long before he comes back.
    不会要很久他就会回来的。
    5. It/This is/was the first(second) time (that) I have been/had been here.21教育网
    这是我第一(二)次我来这里。
    6. It makes no difference to me when the sports meeting will be held.21cnjy.com
    运动会什么时候举行对我说无关紧要。
    语法攻略100句背诵

  • ID:4-3943632 PETS第四级重点语法资料

    高中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    PETS第四级重点语法资料
    1、 It做形式主语
    1) It可以用作先行词,作为句子形式上的主语,而把真正的主语移到句子后部去。这种it成为先行主语
    (Preparatory Subject)。这样可以使句子变得更平稳,避免主语太长,显得头重脚轻。可移到句子后部去的主语最常见的是不定式。句子谓语主要有下面几种类型: a、be+形容词+不定式:
    It is easy to criticize others.批评别人是容易的。 (比较:To criticize others is easy)
    It’s nice not to be dependent on them.不依靠他们是好的。 b、 be+名词+不定式:

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