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  • ID:4-5664143 2019届广东省甲子中学高三下学期英语第8周晚练(PDF版无答案)

    高中英语/素材专区/文字资料

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    • 2019-04-11
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  • ID:4-5643560 高中英语 句子结构及成分讲解

    高中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    基础知识 目录 词性的英文缩写 及物动词和不及物动词 3. 实义动词、助动词、情态动词和连系动词 4. 句子成分 5. 简单句的五种基本结构 6. 谓语和非谓语 7. 主动关系和被动关系 8. 逻辑上的主谓关系 9. 复合结构 10.简单句、并列句和复合句 1.词性的英文缩写 在英语学习中掌握单词词性非常重要。如果记单词时只记拼写、读音而不记词性,我们就不知道如何使用它们,所以在记单词时一定要把单词词性记准记牢。 缩写字母 原词 代表词性 n. noun 名词 v. verb 动词 vt. transitive verb 及物动词 vi. intransitive verb 不及物动词 modal v. modal verb 情态动词 aux. v. auxiliary verb 助动词 adj. adjective 形容词 adv. adverb 副词 num. numeral 数词 interj. interjection 感叹词 pron. pronoun 代词 prep. preposition 介词 art. article 冠词 conj conjunction 连词 2.及物动词和不及物动词 (1)实义动词后跟宾语时,这个动词是及物动词。实义动词后面不跟宾语时,这个动词是不及物动词。 The door opened. (open后面没跟宾语,open是vi) He opened the door.(open后面有宾语the door, open是vt) 注:动词是及物还是不,关键看它在句中时后面是否跟宾语。 (2)有些动词既可作vt又可作vi,词义相同。 The meeting began at six. < vi.> We began the meeting at six. < vt.> (3)有些动词既可作vt又可作vi,但词义不同。 The man walked away. (walk vi,意为“走”) He walked the dog every day. ( walk vt,“遛”) She washes clothes at home. (wash vt,“洗”) The clothes washes well. (wash vi,“耐洗”) (4)英语中一些单词是及物还是不及物,可能与汉语不同。 He listens to the music every day. (listen为vi,汉语中“听”是vt。) 3.实义动词、助动词、情态动词和连系动词 (1)实义动词 也叫行为动词。 实义动词和助动词是根据动词在句子中的含义和作用来划分的。指意义完全且能够独立作谓语的动词。 He lives quite near. (live“住”,有明确意义,单独作谓语,为实义动词。) I like reading. (like “喜欢”,意思明确,单独作谓语,为实义动词。) I bought a pen yesterday. (bought “买”,意义明确,单独作谓语,为实义动词。) (2)助动词 常见助动词为do, be, have,它们为基本助动词。 助动词的“助”是“帮助”之意。是帮助构成时态、语态、虚拟语气、疑问句、否定句、倒装句和帮助强 调的词。这些词本身无词汇意义或意义不完全,不能单独作谓语。 A.帮助构成时态 The boy is crying.(is帮助构成现在进行时,和crying一起作谓语,是助动词。) He has arrived. (has帮助构成现在完成时,和arrived一起作谓语,是助动词。) I have been painting all day.(have been帮助构成现在完成进行时,和painting一起作谓语,都是助动词。) B.帮助构成否定句和疑问句 Does he like English? (does帮助构成一般疑问句,没有具体意义,是助动词。) He doesn’t have lunch at home. (does只是帮助构成否定句,没有具体意义,是助动词。) C.帮助构成被动语态 Trees are planted in spring. (are帮助构成被动语态,没有具体意义,是助动词。) The house has been pulled down. (has been帮助构成时态和语态,是助动词。) D.帮助构成虚拟语气 If he had come yesterday, I wouldn’t have made such a mistake.(had, have帮助构成虚拟语气,是助动词, 属于谓语的一部分) E.帮助构成倒装句 So did he love his mother that he bought her many presents on her birthday. (他如此爱他的母亲以至于他母亲生日那一天,他给她买了许多礼物。did只是帮助构成倒装句,没有 具体意义,是助动词。) F.帮助构成强调意义 He did come yesterday. (他昨天确实来过。did起强调作用,没有具体意义,是助动词。) 注:一个词既可作实义动词也可作助动词,具体是哪一种,主要看它们在句中的功能。 He did his homework at seven o’clock.(did单独作谓语,意为“做”,是实义动词。) Did he do his homework yesterday? (did助动词帮助构成一般疑问句,do实义动词,意为“做”) He has had breakfast. (has是助动词,帮助构成现在完成时,had是实义动词,意为“吃”。has had一起 构成了句子谓语。) (3)情态动词 情态动词同助动词一样,不能单独作谓语,要和实义动词一起作谓语。情态动词同助动词的区别 是助动词本身无意义,而情态动词有自己的意义。情态动词没有人称和数的变化,其后接动词原形。 He can swim across the river.(can的词义为“能够”) You must stay at home. (must词义为“必须”) I might leave tomorrow.(might的词义为“或许”) 连系动词 不能独立作谓语,必须和表语一起构成谓语。说明主语的属性状态和特征。系动词没有进行时 没有被 动语态。连系动词分为以下几类: 状态系动词 表示主语状态 be He is a teacher. 他是一名教师。 B.变化系动词 表示主语变成什么样 become,come,fall,get,go,grow,turn,run,turn out等 He became mad after that. 自那之后,他疯了。She grew rich within a short time. 她没多长时间就富了。 He fell ill yesterday.他昨天病了。 Eggs go bad easily in summer. 蛋夏天容易变坏。 His face went red.他的脸变红了。 What he had dreamt of came true.他的梦想实现了。 Still waters run deep.静水流深。 Leaves turn yellow in the autumn. 树叶在秋天变黄。 C.持续系动词 表示主语继续或保持一种状况或态度 keep,remain,stay,rest,lie,stand等 He kept silent at the meeting. 他开会时保持沉默。 This matter remains a mystery. 此事仍是一个谜。 The food stays fresh in the fridge.食物在冰箱里仍然很新鲜。 The house stood empty for years.房子空了数年。 He lies awake in bed.他躺在床上,醒着。 D.感官系动词 look看起来 feel摸起来 smell闻起来 sound听起来 taste尝起来 The story of his life sounds interesting. 他的生平听起来很有趣。 This kind of cloth feels very soft. 这种布手感很软。 This flower smells very sweet. 这朵花闻起来很香。 E.表“像”系动词 表示“看起来像”这一概念,seem, appear, look Something seems wrong. 好像出差错了。 He appears young. 他看起来很年轻。 F. 终止系动词 表示主语已终止动作 prove, turn out, 表达“证实”,“变成”之意。 The rumor proved false. 这谣言证实有假。 His plan turned out a success. 他的计划终于成功了。(turn out表终止性结果) What he predicted turned out (to be) wrong.他预言的结果是错的。 注:系动词后跟什么样的表语并不是任意的,有一些固定搭配需特别记忆。 get ready准备好了 get dark(天)变黑 turn red/yellow变红/黄 go bad /mad变坏/变疯 go wrong出错 keep silent保持沉默 come true实现了 fall asleep睡着了 fall ill生病等 有些动词既可作连系动词,又可作实义动词。辨别方法:即用连系动词 be替换句子中的这些动词,句子仍然成立就是连系动词;反之,不能替换的就是行为动词。 She looks beautiful. (looks变为is之后,她是美丽的,句意没有大的变化,looks是系动词) Look at the picture.(look不能换为be, look为实义动词) He felt the book with his right hand.(feel是“摸”的意思,不能换为was, 是实义动词) The silk feels soft.(这种丝绸摸起来很柔软,feels换为is之后,句意变化不大,因此是系动词) 句子成分 主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语和补语。(主谓宾,定状补) 除了这六种之外,还有表语和同位语,但表语和系动词一起作谓语,因此划分成分时,划分在谓语上。 同位语分为主语同位语和宾语同位语,属于主语或宾语的一部分。 主语subject 谓语predicate 宾语object 定语attribute 状语adverbial 补语complement 表语predicative 同位语appositive (1)划分句子成分时的常用符号 主语 直线 谓语 曲线 宾语 双横线 定语 画虚线? 状语 短横线 补语 上一短横,下一短横 同位语 上下双曲线 (2)主语 是一个句子所叙述的主体,一般位于句首,常由名词性的词来充当。 可作主语的陈分:名词 代词 数词 名词化的形容词(如the rich)不定式 .动名词 主语从句等 (3)谓语 由动词充当,说明主语所做的动作或具有的特征和状态。谓语构成如下: A.简单谓语:由一个动词或动词短语构成。 He practices running every morning. He reads newspapers every day. B.复合谓语:由情态动词或其他助动词加动词构成。 You may keep the book for two weeks. He has caught a bad cold. My sister is crying over there. I have been waiting for you all the time. C.由系动词加表语构成。系动词不能单独作谓语,要和表语一起作谓语。 We are students. Your idea sounds great. (4)表语 多是形容词,说明主语身份、特征和状态,一般位于系动词(be, become, get, look, grow, turn, seem等)之后。表语一般由名词、代词、形容词、分词、数词、不定式、动名词、介词短语、副词 及表语从句表示。 (5)宾语 由名词性的词充当,表示动作的对象或承受者,一般位于vt和介词后面。分为动词宾语和介 词宾语,分别构成动宾结构和介词结构。 (6)宾语补足语 英语中有些vt,除有一个直接宾语以外,还有一个宾语补语,才能使句子意义完整。宾语补足语 和宾语构成逻辑上的主谓关系。换句话说,在意思上,宾语相当于宾补的主语。 带宾语补足语的句型为:某些vt(如make等)+宾语+宾补。宾补可由名词、形容词、副词、不定式、 分词、介词短语和从句充当。 (7)主补 对主语的补充 含有宾语补足语的句子在变成被动语态,宾语作主语时,原来的宾补就成了主 语补足语。 He was elected monitor. She was found singing in the next room. He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson. (8)定语 对名词或代词起修饰、限定作用的词、短语或句子,汉语中常用“……的”表示。定语通常位 于被修饰的成分前。 许多情况下,定语放在所修饰词后面,这点与汉语习惯不同,也是许多同学不能读懂长句的主要原因。 A.副词用作定语一般要后置。 People there are very friendly. (那儿的人们) He didn’t like the man downstairs. (楼下的那个人) B.形容词短语作定语一般放在所修饰词之后。 单个形容词作定语一般放在所修饰词之前,而形容词短语作定语一般放在所修饰词之后。 The next man is a scientist. The man next to me is a scientist.(我旁边的那个人) C.介词短语作定语时要后置。 The boy under the tree is Tom.(树下的那个男孩) The tallest boy in our class is John.(我们班最高的那个男孩) D.现在分词短语、过去分词短语、动词不定式作定语常后置。 I have something to say. (直译:我有要说的话) The boy crying over there is my classmate.(在那边哭的那个男孩) The house built last year is impressive.(去年建的那座房子) (9)状语 修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子, 说明动作或状态特征的句子成分 He writes carefully. He walks slowly.(认真地写,慢慢地走,修饰动词用副词,作状语) This material is environmentally friendly.(修饰形容词用副词,作状语) He runs very slowly.(修饰副词slowly, 因此very是副词,作状语) Unfortunately, he lost all of his money. (修饰整个句子用副词,作状语) 注:A. 几个并列状语的先后顺序:方式→地点→时间 He worked hard at his lessons last year. I found a lost pen outside our school yesterday morning. He was walking slowly outside the park at that moment. B.状语按意义分类 主语、谓语、宾语、定语、表语、补语都比较好辨认,如果这几个成分都不是,那很可能就是状语 了。状语种类很多,可表时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、程度、条件、方式和让步等。 (10)同位语 在名词或代词之后并列名词或代词对前者加以说明的成分,近乎于后置定语。 We students should study hard. / (students是we的同位语,都是指同一批“学生”) It’s good to us students. 5. 简单句的五种基本结构 英语句子基本结构可归纳成五种基本句型及其扩大、组合、省略或倒装。掌握这五种基本句型,是 掌握各种英语句子结构的基础。 基本句型一: S+V(不及物动词) (主+谓) 这类句子谓语动词都是vi 能表达完整的意思。 都不带宾语,但可带状语(副词、介词短语、状语从句等)。 It is raining now. (S V) We’ve worked for 5 hours. (S V) The meeting lasted half an hour. (S V) Time flies. (S V) 基本句型二: S+ V(系动词)+ P (主+谓+表) 句子谓语动词都不能表达一个完整的意思,须加上一个表明主语身份或状态的表语构成复合谓语,才能表达完整的意思。这类动词叫做连系动词。系动词主要是be Our school is very beautiful and we like it very much. Your book is on the desk. He is a student. 基本句型三: S+ V(及物动词)+ O (主+谓+宾) 谓语动词都具有实义,都是主语产生的动作,但不能表达完整的意思,必须跟有一个宾语,即动作的承受者,才能使意思完整。这类动词叫做及物动词. She likes English. We planted a lot of trees on the farm yesterday. 基本句型四: S +V(及物动词) +INO(人)+ DO(物) (主+谓+间宾+直宾) 谓语动词必须跟有两个宾语才能表达完整的意思。这两个宾语一个是动作的直接承受者,另一个是动作的间接承受者。这两个宾语通常一个指人,为间接宾语;一个指物,为直接宾语。间接宾语一般位于直接宾语之前。 动词 + 间接宾语 + 直接宾语 动词 + 直接宾语 + 介词 + 间接宾语 He gave me a cup of tea. Show this house to Mr. Smith. 若直接宾语为人称代词:动词 + 代词直接宾语 + 介词 + 间接宾语。 Bring it to me, please. (不能说 Bring me it, please.) 常跟双宾语的vt有: (需借助to的)allow, bring, deny, give, grant, hand, leave, lend, offer, owe, pass, pay, permit, promise, read, refuse, sell, send, show, teach, tell, wish, write等。 (需借助for 的) buy, choose, fetch, get, make, order, paint, play(演奏), save, sing, spare等。 一般用to多些,用for的记住常用的三个就行:get, buy, make。 基本句型五: S+ V(及物)+ O+ C(主+谓+宾+宾补) 动词虽然是vt,但是只跟一个宾语还不能表达完整的意思,必须加上一个补充成分来补足宾语,才能使意思完整。宾语补足语:位于宾语之后对宾语做出说明的成分。宾语与其补足语有逻辑上的主谓关系,它们一起构成复合宾语。 The war made him a soldier.(SVOC“他成为一个士兵”,构成逻辑上的主谓关系) New methods make the job easy. (SVOC) I often find him at work. (SVOC) The teacher asked the students to close the windows. (SVOC) I saw a cat running across the road. 主语 谓语 6. 谓语和非谓语 在英语中,一个主谓结构中只能有一个谓语,再出现动词时,要变成非谓语形式,即:在前面加to构成动词不定式,或在后面加-ing构成动名词或现在分词,或在后面加-ed构成过去分词。非谓语是指动词不定式、动名词、现在分词和过去分词。 7.主动关系和被动关系 非谓语中的主动关系和被动关系,不是从谁做了这个动作着眼,而是从恢复成一句话后是“主动语态” 还是“被动语态”着眼。 主动关系:从逻辑关系上看,相当于主动语态。 The boy crying over there is Tom.(在那边哭的那个男孩) 从逻辑上讲,the boy…cry, 男孩哭,相当于主动语态,是主动关系。 被动关系:从逻辑关系上看,相当于被动语态。 The house built last year is the strongest.(去年建的那座房子) 从逻辑上讲,the house was built,房子被建,相当于被动语态,是被动关系。 8.逻辑上的主谓关系 在判断是否是宾语补足语时,一般说,“宾语和宾语补足语构成逻辑上的主谓关系”。 He asked me to lend him some money.他让我借给他一些钱。 me是宾语,me to lend him some money我借给他一些钱。从意思上看,这像一句话,“我”是主语,“借给 他一些钱”是谓语部分,但在英语原句中,它们却不是真正的主谓关系。因此可以说“逻辑上的主谓关系”, 是指,从意思上看像主谓关系,而实际上不是。to lend him some money是宾语补足语。 9.复合结构 复合宾语、动名词的复合结构和动词不定式的复合结构 实际上,这几个“复合”,都有“逻辑上的主谓关系”之意。 He invited us to come to the party. (us是宾语,to come to the party是宾语补足语;宾语和宾语补足语合在一起称为复合宾语。宾语和宾语 补足语是逻辑上的主谓关系。) It’s important for us to learn English well. (it是形式主语,真正的主语是for us to learn English well。“us”是“to learn English well”的逻辑主语,二 者构成了逻辑上的主谓关系。for somebody to do something是动词不定式的复合结构。) It’s very kind of you to help me.(of you to help me也是动词不定式的复合结构。you和to help me构成了 逻辑上的主谓关系。) Tom’s coming late made our teacher angry.(Tom迟到使我们老师生气。coming是动名词,Tom’s coming late 是动名词的复合结构。Tom是coming late的逻辑主语,二者是逻辑上的主谓关系。) 10. 简单句、并列句和复合句 (句子按结构分) (1)简单句 只有一个主语(或并列主语)和一个谓语(或并列谓语)。 He often reads English in the morning. Tom and Mike are American boys. She likes drawing and often draws pictures for the wall newspapers. (画线部分为并列谓语,只有一个主语,仍为简单句。) (2)并列句 由并列连词and, but, or等或分号;把两个或两个以上的简单句连在一起构成。要注意, 逗号是不可以连 接句子的,这一点和汉语不同。 You help him and he helps you. The future is bright; the road is tortuous. 前途是光明的,道路是曲折的。 A.表示连接两个同等概念,常用and, not only…but also…, neither…nor…, then等连接。 The teacher’s name is Smith, and the student’s name is John. He not only stole my money, but he also took my watch away. B.表示选择,常用的连词有or, either…or…, otherwise等。 Hurry up, or you’ll miss the train. C.表示转折,常用的连词有but, still, however, yet, while, when等。 He was a little man with thick glasses, but he had a strange way of making his classes lively and interesting. D.表示因果关系,常用的连词有so, for, therefore等。 August is the time of the year for rice harvest, so every day I work from dawn until dark. (3)复合句 复合句含有两个或两个以上主谓结构,其中一个主谓结构作另一个的成分。(并列句两个主谓结 构间是并列关系,而不是从属关系。) 注:当简单句的一个成分从词或词组变为句子时,整个句子就成为复合句了。 A.It is wrong. (只有一个主谓结构,简单句) What he said is wrong. (what he said是一个主谓结构,he主语,said谓语,what宾语。What he said is wrong. 是另一个主谓结构,What he said主语,是主语从句;is wrong系表结构作谓语。因此,本句 是 复合句) B.The boy over there is my brother. (只有一个主谓结构,是简单句) The boy who is wearing a hat is my brother. (The boy over there is my brother.只有一个主谓结构,是简单句。当over there变为 who is wearing a hat 时(主谓结构),整个句子就变成了复合句,who is wearing a hat是定语从句) C.I was doing my homework at six. (只有一个主谓结构,是简单句。) I was doing my homework when he came in. (I was doing my homework是一个主谓结构,he came in也是一个主谓结构。后面一个主谓结构作前一 个的时间状语,是时间状语从句。因此本句是复合句) 一个句子如含有从句,如名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句)、定语从句和状语从句等,这个句子就是复合句。 复合句的从句和主句之间要用连接词连接。引导的是什么从句,不仅要根据连词,还要根据句子结构和句意来判别 一个句子有两个主谓结构时,要考虑它们之间的连接问题 一个句子如果出现两个主谓结构,那它就不是简单句了,要么是并列句,要么是复合句。这时我们就要考虑连接词的问题。直接用逗号连接的两个简单句是错误的。这时,我们有四种方法来改正这个错句: 改为并列句:我们可以使用and, so, but等并列连词来把它们连接起来。 改为复合句:加上从属连词,把其中的一个分句改为状语从句、定语从句或名词性从句。 改为简单句:把其中的一个主谓结构的谓语破坏掉,从而使其变成独立主格结构。 改标点:把逗号改为分号(根据句意有时也可用冒号、破折号等)。 I like English, my English is very good. × I like English and my English is very good. √(并列句) As I like English, my English is very good. √(含有原因状语从句的复合句) I like English; my English is good. √(用分号) I liking English, my English is very good. √ (把一个分句改为独立主格结构) I have a house, its windows are very big. × I have a house and its windows are very big. √ (并列句) I have a house, whose windows are very big. √ (含有定语从句的复合句) I have a house; its windows are big. √ (用分号) I have a house, its windows very big. √ (后面为独立主格结构)

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  • ID:4-5635044 2014年9月全国英语等级考试二级听力试题分析(含音频)

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    2014年9月pets二级考试英语听力试题简析 1. 语速:140词/分(2014年3月为 163词/分,每分钟慢23词) 2. 录音稿总词数:902词(2014年3月为 918词,减少16词) 3. 语音:美音 2014年9月和3月pets二级考试分析对比(详见下表): 考点统计表 年 份 理解主旨和要义 获取事实性的 具体信息 对所听内容作出简单推断 理解说话者的意图、观点和态度 2014年9月 1 11 6 2 2014年3月 1 11 6 2 录音数据统计表 年 份 词数 时间(一遍) 平均语速(词/分) 第一节 第二节 合计 14年9月 157 745 902 388″ 140w/m 14年 3 月 146 772 918 338″ 163w/m 话题统计表 年 份 第一节 第二节 Text 1 Text 2 Text 3 Text 4 Text 5 Text 6 Text 7 Text 8 Text 9 Text 10 2014年9月 请假 买衬衫 搭车 电话咨询 做家务 捎口信 买椅子 火车站送人 选专业 伦敦旅游 2014年3月 买裙子 租DVD 演讲 帮忙搬箱子 到达时间 周末安排 新电脑 成立环保公司 找工作 校园安全 答案分布表 年 份 答案邻近分布 答案总数分布 A B C 2014年9月 ACBCA BBACABCCCB ABAAC 7 6 7 2014年3月 CBCAB CBABC A CA BC A AA BC 7 6 7 附录: 近几年PETS二级听力考试语音、语速、词数、录音人统计表: 年份 语音 语速 词数 录音人 2014.9 美音 140词/分 902 W: Laura Estelles M: Robert Makelin 2014.3 美音 163词/分 918 W: Laura Estelles M: Robert Makelin 2013.9 美音 148词/分 945 W: Laura Estelles M: Robert Makelin 2013.3 美音 156词/分 921 W: Laura Estelles M: Trevor Metz 2012.9 美音 161词/分 898 W: Laura Estelles M: Trevor Metz 2012.3 美音 179.5词/分 1158 W: Laura Estelles M: Trevor Metz 2011.9 美音 170词/分 1038 W: Laura Estelles M: Trevor Metz 2014年9月全国英语等级考试二级听力试题分析 听力部分要求考生听懂有关日常生活中所熟悉的话题,如:请假、买衣服、搭车、电话咨询、做家务、捎口信、买椅子、火车站送人、选专业、伦敦旅游。与往常相同,听力部分中有10段听力材料,其中的5段较短,另5段则较长。话题覆盖面广,对话内容逻辑清楚,话语流畅。所考查的听力微技能包括:理解主旨和要义,获取事实性的具体信息,对所听内容作出简单推断,理解谈话人的意图、观点和态度。设问涉及多个方面,多个角度,采用where-, when-, why-, how-, what-等多种疑问句。 录音人:男:Robert Makelin; 女: Laura Estelles 语 音:美音词 数:902时 间:388秒语 速:140词/分难 度:难度整体与2013年持平从2014年的10段材料来看,Text 10材料信息较多,可能会影响学生答题。考 点:2014年高考英语听力全国卷的 20 个小题中,理解主旨与要义有 1 个题,获取事实性的具体信息有 11 个题,对所听内容作出推断有 6个题,理解说话者的意图、观点和态度有2个,较好地体现了考试大纲对考生的要求。 第一节 (Text 1) W: Would it be all right if I left a bit early? I don’t feel very well today. M: Yes, yes, by all means. The second part of the meeting is just free discussion. (词数:32;时间:10.8″;语速:178词/分) 1. What is the woman going to do? A. Leave early. B. Make a speech. C. Join the discussion. 【分析】考查考生理解说话者意图的能力。 从对话中女士说 “Would it be all right if I left a bit early?” 可知女士想早离开一会。 【答案】A (Text 2) M: Do you have this shirt in other colors, ma’am? W: Well, they come in white, yellow, red, and green. Will a white one do? M: Yes, that’ll be nice. I’ll take one. (词数:30;时间:12.4″;语速:145词/分) 2. Which color shirt will the man buy? A. Red. B. Green. C. White. 【分析】考查考生对具体信息的理解能力。 由对话中女士问男士“Will a white one do?(白色的可以吗)”,男士回答说“Yes, that’ll be nice. I’ll take one.”,由此可知,男士将买白色的衬衫。 【答案】 C (Text 3) W: Hi, Kent. Can you give me a lift? I’m late for work. My car’s broken down. It won’t start. M: I’m sorry. I’m not going into town. But I can give you a lift to the bus station. (词数:37;时间:13.9″;语速:160词/分) 3. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Strangers. B. Neighbors. C. Co-workers. 【分析】考查考生对所听内容的简单推断能力。 对话中女士说她的车坏了,要男士送她去城里上班,由此可推知两人住得很近,是邻居。 【答案】 B (Text 4) M: I’m calling to ask if your hotel still serves Mexican food. I haven’t been there for years. W: I’m afraid not, but you can easily find a Mexican restaurant close by. (词数:30;时间:11.6″;语速:155词/分) 4. What do you know about the man? A. He’s going to Mexico. B. He’s worried about the food. C. He’s been to the hotel before. 【分析】考查考生对所听内容的简单推断能力。 对话中男士打电话给旅馆,问旅馆是否还提供墨西哥食品,并提到他已经有三年没去过了,由此可知,男士曾经去过这家旅店。 【答案】 C (Text 5) W: Hey, Bob. Would you please help me with these boxes? M: Yes, if you promise to help me tidy up the house. W: No problem. I’ll even do the dishes. (词数:28;时间:11.2″;语速:150词/分) 5. What will the woman probably do for the man? A. Clean the house. B. Carry the boxes. C. Cook the dishes. 【分析】考查考生对具体信息的理解能力。 男士请女士帮他打扫房子,女士说没问题,由此可知女士将帮男士打扫房子。 【答案】 A 第二节 听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。 (Text 6) M: Hi. Is Olivia there, please? W: I’m sorry. She’s out for lunch. Do you want to leave a message? M: Yes, this is Harris. Could you tell Olivia that I’ll wait for her at the box office of the cinema at 7:10? W: Sure, Harris. You’ll wait for her at the box office at 10. M: No, at 7:10. W: Oh, sorry. At 7:10. I’ll tell Olivia. M: Thank you! (词数:64;时间:27″;语速:142词/分) 材料内容涉及日常活动话题,男士在让女士帮忙留口信。 6. What does Harris probably want to do with Olivia? A. Have lunch. B. Watch a movie. C. Go to her office. 【分析】考查考生对所听内容的简单推断能力。 由男士说“Could you tell Olivia that I’ll wait for her at the box office of the cinema at 7:10?”可知男士想要和Olivia一起看电影。 【答案】 B 7. When will Harris and Olivia meet? A. At 6:50. B. At 7:10. C. At 10:00. 【分析】考查考生对具体信息的理解能力。 由男士说“Could you tell Olivia that I’ll wait for her at the box office of the cinema at 7:10?”可知男士会和Olivia在7:10的时候相见。 【答案】 B 听第7段材料,回答8、9题。 (Text 7) M: Look at this armchair. What do you think? W: Oh, I’m not sure I like the design. It’s too heavy looking. Is it comfortable? M: Try it. W: Hmm. It’s really comfortable! And I’d like to have something this size. Our old armchair is way too small. This size is perfect. M: What do you think of the color? W: Well, green isn’t my favorite color, but it’s better than that terrible brown one we have now. It’s okay, I guess. But blue would be perfect. M: How much is it? W: Oh, no. It’s $999. That’s really too expensive. We can’t afford it right now. M: I know. Why don’t we wait till next month for their mid-year sale? It might be cheaper then. W: Hey, that’s a good idea! (词数:122;时间:55.6″;语速:132词/分) 材料内容涉及日常活动话题,男士和女士在商量去哪里看电影。 8. What does the woman like about the armchair? A. Its size. B. Its color. C. Its design. 【分析】 考查考生对具体信息的理解能力。 由女士所说的“And I’d like to have something this size.”可知女士喜欢扶手椅的尺寸。 【答案】 A 9. What do we know about the speakers’ armchair at home? A. It is badly broken. B. It is heavy looking. C. It is brown in color. 【分析】考查考生对具体信息的理解能力。 由女士所说的“but it’s better than that terrible brown one we have now.”可知,说话者家里的椅子是褐色的。 【答案】 C 10.?What?will?the?speakers?probably?do?about?the?armchair?? ?? ?A.?Wait?for?a?sale. ?? ?B.?Buy?it?right?away. ?? ?C.?Ask?for?a?cheaper?price. 【分析】考查考生对具体信息的理解能力。 ? 男士说?“Why?don’t?we?wait?till?next?month?for?their?mid-year?sale?”?女士说好主意,由此可知 两人要等特价的时候再买。 【答案】?A?? 听第8段材料,回答第11至12题。 (Text 8) W: Well, I certainly have enjoyed my stay in Edinburgh, Peter. Thanks for all your help. And thanks to Jean as well for showing me around. M: Well, we both enjoyed it, too. How long will you stay in York before you go back? W: Two days. Look, when are you going to be in London again? You must bring Jean with you and we can all get together again. M: Yes, I’ll do that. That’s your train, isn’t it? W: Yes, I’d better go. OK. Thanks again. Bye! M: Bye, Sue. Don’t forget to give my regards to John. W: I won’t. Bye!(词数:97;时间:37.7″;语速:154词/分) 材料内容涉及旅行与交通话题,两人正在告别。 11. Where does the woman live? A. Edinburgh. B. London. C. York. 【分析】考查考生对所听内容的简单推断能力。 女士现在在爱丁堡,打算去纽约,她感谢在爱丁堡的这段时间男士和Jean的帮助,并问男士什么时候去伦敦,让男士一定和Jean一起去,在伦敦再聚。可知女士的家应该在伦敦。 【答案】 B 12. Where are the speakers? A. At the man’s home. B. In the man’s office. C. At the railway station. 【分析】考查考生对所听内容的简单推断能力。 由“That’s your train, isn’t it?”可知答案。 【答案】 C 听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。 (Text 9) M: Mom, I’m a little worried about college. I just don’t know what to study. I don’t know what my major should be. W: That can be a difficult decision, John. M: How can I decide? W: Well, I’d start with your interests. It will help you if you study something that you are interested in. What do you like to read and learn about or do? M: I guess I like dancing and helping people. Those are my interests, I guess. W: What do you mean by helping people? M: If people have problems, I like to help solve them. Or if people are hurt, I like to try to do things that make them feel better. W: It sounds like you might be interested in medicine, then. M: Uh, I don’t know… W: Another thing I think you should consider is the possible jobs you might get and how much money you want to make. M: How do I figure that out? W: You can research different jobs at the library, and there are reports and data on how well different jobs pay. M: I want to have a well-paid job so that I can have the money to travel.W: Well, there you go! Income is going to influence you most in your choice of major. There is one other thing you should consider, too. M: What’s that? W: You know…scholarships, the money given to you for college. You might want to pick a major that will allow you to get a special scholarship. I know you’ll make the right decision. M: Thanks, Mom.(词数:251;时间:1′41″;语速:149词/分) 材料内容涉及学校生活话题。 13. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. Doing research. B. Looking for a job. C. Choosing a college major. 【分析】考查考生对主旨与要义的理解能力。 男士对上大学有些担心,自己不知道选什么专业。 女士从兴趣,未来工作的薪酬以及是否有奖学金三个方面给男士提供建议。可见他们在讨论如何选专业。 【答案】 C 14. Where will the man probably find information on incomes? A. From the woman. B. On the Internet. C. At the library. 【分析】考查考生对具体信息的理解能力。 由 “You can research different jobs at the library, and there are reports and data on how well different jobs pay.”可知答案。 【答案】 C 15. Why does the man want to get a well-paid job? A. He wants to learn dancing. B. He wants to travel around. C. He wants to help the poor. 【分析】考查考生对具体信息的理解能力。 由 I want to have a well-paid job so that I can have the money to travel.可知 【答案】 B 16. What is the woman’s attitude toward the man? A. Supportive. B. Impatient. C. Critical. 【分析】 考查考生对所听内容的简单推断能力。 女士就男士担心的问题从多个角度给出建议,并在最后说I know you’ll make the right decision.可以推断出女士很支持男士。 【答案】A 听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20题。 (Text 10) M: Welcome to London this December! There’s plenty going on this month. For example, on 1 December, London’s West End, the capital’s best shopping district, has its largest ever traffic-free day. More than a million visitors are expected to shop and enjoy various activities while Oxford Street and Regent Street are completely closed to cars and buses. Shoppers will be able to move around the streets, visiting our famous department stores, and having a bite at one of the many cafes and restaurants in the area. Trafalgar Square’s Christmas tree, a gift to London from Norway, will be lit at 6 p.m. on 6 December to the sounds of traditional Christmas songs. Then, every evening from 10 December until 23 December, 5 p.m. to 9 p.m., people will sing Christmas songs in this beautiful setting. Lastly, ring in the New Year with the capital’s largest fireworks show. Although the fireworks will be set off at the British Airways London Eye, they can be enjoyed from across London and will also be broadcast on television at the same time. Then, just a few hours later, come out and see London’s colorful New Year’s Day parade, when marching performers from around the world pass through the capital’s streets. Enjoy your time in our city.(词数:211;时间:1′47″;语速:118词/分) 材料是一段导游词,介绍了伦敦12月份的主要活动。 17. What is London’s West End? A. A street full of buses and cars. B. A well-known shopping area. C. A famous department store. 【分析】考查考生对具体信息的理解能力。 由“London’s West End, the capital’s best shopping district,”可知答案。 【答案】 B 18. When will people light the Christmas tree on Trafalgar Square? A. On 6 December. B. On 10 December. C. On 23 December. 【分析】考查考生对具体信息的理解能力。 由“Trafalgar Square’s Christmas tree, a gift to London from Norway, will be lit at 6 p.m. on 6 December”可知答案。 【答案】 A 19. How do people in London celebrate the beginning of the New Year? A. By setting off fireworks. B. By singing Christmas songs. C. By watching the parade on TV. 【分析】考查考生对具体信息的理解能力。 由“Lastly, ring in the New Year with the capital’s largest fireworks show.”可知答案。 【答案】 A 20. What is the purpose of this speech? A. Introduce the best shopping district in London. B. Encourage people to buy the Christmas trees. C. Welcome people to visit London in December. 【分析】考查考生理解说话者意图的能力。 说话者主要介绍了伦敦在12月份时的三个大型的活动,并在最后的时候祝愿听者在伦敦度过美好时光,由此可知,说话者是在介绍伦敦,欢迎游客在12月份到伦敦旅行。 【答案】 C PAGE 7

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    abolish? [??b?l??] v.废除,废止 abortion? [??b????n] n.人工流产,堕胎 abrupt? [??br?pt] a.突然的,意外的,粗鲁 absolute [??bs?lu?t] a.完全,全部,绝对的 accountant? [??ka?nt(?)nt] n.会计,会计师 acquisition?[?kw??z??(?)n] n. 获得,得到 affair?[??fe?(r)] n. 事,事情 agency?[?e?d??ns?] n. 代理机构 agenda?[??d?end?] n. (会议)议程表,议事日程 airmail?[?e?me?l] n. 航空邮件 airspace?[?e?spe?s] n.领空,(某国的)空域 allergic?[??l??d??k] a. 过敏的,厌恶 alley?[??l?] n. 小巷,胡同 allowance?[??la??ns] n. 津贴,补助 altitude?[??lt?tju?d; (US) ?l?t?tu?d] n. 海拔高度 amateur?[??m?t?(r)] a. 业余爱好的 ambiguous?[?m?b?ɡj??s] a. 模棱两可的 ambition?[?m?b??(?)n] n.目标,野心,雄心,抱负 ambulance?[??mbj?l?ns] n. 救护车 Antarctic [?n?tɑ?kt?k]a. 南极的 apparent?[??p?r?nt] a. 显而易见 appendix [??pend?ks]n. 附录,阑尾 appetite?[??p?ta?t] n. 食欲,胃口 applicant?[??pl?k?nt] n. 申请人 appoint?[??p??nt] v. 任命,委任,安排,确定(时间,地点) arbitrary?[?ɑ?b?tr?r?; (US) ?ɑ?rb?trer?] a. 随心所欲的,独裁的,专断的 arch?[ɑ?t?] n. 拱,拱门 artificial?[ɑ?t??f??(?)l]a. 人工的,人造的 assess?[??ses] v.评价,评定(性质,质量) assessment?[??sesm?nt] n. 看法,评价 astronomy?[??str?n?m?] n. 天文学 Atlantic?[?t?l?nt?k] a. 大西洋的 atom?[??t?m] n. 原子,微粒 authentic?[???θent?k] a. 真正的,真品的 autonomous?[???t?n?m?s] a. 自治的,自主的 available?[???t?m] a. 可获得的,有空的 baggage?[?b?ɡ?d?] n. 行李 bakery?[?be?k?r?] n. 面包店 balcony?[?b?lk?n?] n. 阳台;楼座 bandage?[?b?nd?d?] n. 绷带 barber?[?bɑ?b?(r)] n. (为男人理发)理发师 barbershop/ `bɑrb?r,?ɑp / n. 理发店 bare?[be?(r)] a. 裸露的,光秃秃的 basement?[?be?sm?nt] n. 地下室 basin?[?be?s(?)n] n. 水盆,脸盆 bat?[b?t] n. (棒球、板球的)球棒 n. 蝙蝠 bay?[be?] n. 湾; 海湾 bean curd?['bi:nk?:d] n. 豆腐 beddings?[?bed??] n. 卧具,铺盖 behalf?[b??hɑ?f] n. 代表某人,为了某人 belly?[?bel?] n. 肚子 belt?[belt] n. (皮)带 bingo?[?b??ɡ??] n. 宾戈游戏 bishop?[?b???p] n. 主教 boom?[bu?m] n. / v. 繁荣,轰鸣,激增 border [?b??d?(r)] n. 边缘;边境,国界 botanical [b??t?n?k(?)l] a. 植物学的 botany?[?b?t?n?] n. 植物; 植物学 bounce [ba?ns] v. 弹起,蹦,上下晃动 bound [ba?nd] a. 有义务的 breast?[brest] n. 乳房,胸脯 brewery?[?bru??r?] n. 啤酒厂(公司) brick?[br?k] n. 砖;砖块 brochure?[br?????(r); (US) br??????r] n. 资料(或广告)手册 brunch?[?br?nt?] n. 早午饭(晚早饭) Buddhism?[?b?d?z(?)m] n. 佛教 buffet?[?b?fe?; (US) b??fe?] n. 自助餐 bungalow?[?b??ɡ?l??] n. 平房 burden?[?b??d(?)n] n. (义务,责任的)重担,负担 bureaucratic?[bju??r?u'kr?tik] a. 官僚的 burglar?[?b??ɡl?(r)] n. 入室窃贼 butcher?['b?t??] n. vt. 肉店;屠夫 屠宰(动物);残杀(人) cafeteria [k?f??t??r??] n. 自助餐厅 canteen?[k?n?ti?n] n. 餐厅;食堂 capsule?[?k?psju?l; (US) ?k?psl] n. (药)胶囊 caption?[?k?p?(?)n] n. (图片,漫画等的)说明文字 carpenter?[?kɑ?p?nt?(r)] n. 木工,木匠 catalogue?['k?t?l?g] n. 目录 cater?[?ke?t?(r)] v. 提供饮食,承办酒席 Catholic?[?k?θ?l?k] a. 天主教的 caution?[?k???(?)n] n. 谨慎,小心,警告 centigrade?[?sent?ɡre?d] a. 摄氏的 certificate?[s??t?f?k?t] n. 证明,证明书 cheers?[t???(r)] int. 干杯,(口)谢谢,再见 choir?[?kwa??(r)] n. 合唱团,教堂的唱诗班 circuit?[?s??k?t] n. 环形路线,巡回赛 civilian?[s??v?l??n] n. 平民,老百姓 clarify?[?kl?r?fa?] v. 澄清,阐明 clerk?[klɑ?k; (US) kl?rk] n. 书记员;办事员;职员 clumsy?[?kl?mz?] a. 笨拙的,不灵巧的 cocoa?[?k??k??] n. 可可粉 collar?[?k?l?(r)] n. 衣领; 硬领 collision?[k??l??(?)n] n. 碰撞事故 communism?[?k?mj?n?z(?)m] n. 共产主义 communist?[?k?mju?n?st] n. 共产主义者 a. 共产党的;共产主义的 compensate?[?k?mpense?t] v. 补偿,弥补 compromise?[?k?mpr?ma?z] v. 妥协,折中,让步 compulsory?[k?m?p?ls?r?] a. 强制的,必须做的 concrete?[?k??kri?t] a. 混凝土制的 confidential?[k?nf??den?(?)l] a. 机密的,保密的 conscience?[?k?n??ns] n. 良心,良知,内疚 considerate?[k?n?s?d?r?t] a. 体贴的 consistent?[k?n?s?st(?)nt] a. 一致的,始终如一的,连续的 constitution?[k?nst??tju??(?)n; (US) k?nst??tu???n] n. 宪法,章程,身体素质 controversial?[k?ntr??v???(?)l] a.引起争论的,有争议的 conventional?[k?n?ven??n(?)l] a. 依照惯例的,习惯的 cottage?[?k?t?d?] n. (郊外)小屋,村舍,别墅 crew?[kru?] n. 全体船员 cubic?[?kju?b?k] a.立方体的,立方形的 cuisine?[kw??zi?n] n. 饭菜,佳肴 currency?[?k?r?ns?] n. 货币;现金 cushion?[?k??(?)n] n. 垫子 database?[?de?tbe?s] n. 资料库,数据库 delete?[d??li?t] v. 删去 ?n.删去,除掉,勾消 delicate?[?del?k?t] a.易损的,易碎的 deliver?[d??l?v?(r)] vt. 投递(信件,邮包等) dentist?[?dent?st] n. 牙科医生 ? deposit?[d??p?z?t] v. / n. 订金,押金,放下,放置,储存 diagram?[?da??ɡr?m] n. 图表,图样 dictation [d?k?te??(?)n] n. 听写 digest?[d??d?est, da??d?est]v.消化, 领会 dignity?[?d?ɡn?t?] n. 庄重,庄严,尊严,尊贵,高尚 dilemma?[da??lem?] n. (进退两难的)窘境,困境 dimension?[d??men?(?)n] n.量度,尺寸,面积,程度,范围 diploma?[d??pl??m?] n.毕业文凭;学位证书 disease?[d??zi?z] n. 病,疾病 district?[?d?str?kt] n. 区;地区;区域 dive?[da?v] vi. 跳水 divorce?[d??v??s] v. 离婚 download?['daunl?ud] n.& v. 下载 draft?[drɑ?ft; (US) dr?ft] n. / v. 草稿,草案,起草,草拟 drawer?[?dr???(r)] n. 抽屉 dusk [d?sk] n. 黄昏 dust?[d?st] n. 灰尘,尘土 dynamic [da??n?m?k] a.充满活力,精力充沛的 ecology?[??k?l?d??] n. 生态,生态学 edition [??d??(?)n]n.(发行物的)版,版(本) elect [??lekt] vt. (投票)选举 embassy [?emb?s?] n. 大使馆 enterprise [?ent?pra?z] n.公司,企,事业单位 exhibition [eks??b??(?)n] n. 展览;展览会 expense [?k?spens] n. 消费; 支出 extension?[?k?sten?(?)n] n.扩大,延伸 fasten [?fɑ?s(?)n; (US) f?sn]vt. 扎牢;扣住 federal [?fed?r(?)l] a.中央的(政府)联邦的 fee [fi?]n. 费,费用 fibre?['faib?] (美fiber) n. 纤维质 file [fa?l]n.公文柜;档案(计算机)文档 flexible ['fleks?bl] a.灵活的,可变动的 flour [?fla??(r)] n. 面粉,粉 fortnight [?f??tna?t] n. 十四日,两星期 foster /'fɑst?/vt. 培养,培育 v.领养, 收养 fountain [?fa?nt?n; (US) ?fa?ntn] n. 喷泉 fox [f?ks] n. 狐狸 fragile [?fr?d?a?l; (US) ?fr?d?l] a.易碎的,易损的 fragrant [?fre?ɡr?nt] a. 香的,芳香的 framework [?fre?mw??k] n.(建筑物)框架,结构 freeze [fri?z] (froze, frozen) vi. 结冰 freezing ['fri:zi?] a. 冻结的;极冷的 friction [?fr?k?(?)n] n. 摩擦 frontier?[?fr?nt??(r); (US) fr?n?t??r] n. 前沿 ,边界;前线 fry?[fra?] vt. 用油煎;用油炸 fundamental?[f?nd??ment(?)l] a. 十分重大的,根本的 funeral?[?fju??n?r(?)l] n. 葬礼 furnished?['f?:ni?t] a. 配备了家具的 gallon?[?ɡ?l?n] n. 加仑 garage?[?ɡ?rɑ??, -r?d?; (US) ɡ??rɑ??] n. 汽车间(库) garlic?[?ɡɑ?l?k] n. 大蒜 garment?[?ɡɑ?m?nt] n. (一件)衣服 gay?[ɡe?] a. (男)同性恋的;快活的,愉快的 geometry?[d??'ɑm?tr?] n. 几何学 graph [ɡrɑ?f; (US) ɡr?f] n. 图表,曲线图 gravity [?ɡr?v?t?] n. 重力,地球引力 greengrocer [?ɡri?nɡr??s?(r)] n.(英)蔬菜水果商 grill [ɡr?l] n. (烧食物的)烤架 grocer [?ɡr??s?(r)] n. 零售商人;食品店 ham [h?m] n. 火腿 handkerchief [?h??k?t??f] n. 手帕 headline [?hedla?n] n. (报刊的)大字标题 headmistress ['hed'mistr?s] ? n. 女校长 heel [hi?l] n. 脚后跟 herb [h??b; (US) ??rb] n. 草药 honey [??n?st] n. 蜂蜜 hook [h?k] n.& v. 钩子;衔接,连接 hurricane?[?h?r?k?n] n. 飓风,十二级风 hydrogen [?ha?dr?d?(?)n] n. 氢 identification [a?dent?f??ke??(?)n] n. 鉴定,辨别 immediately [??mi?d??tl?] ad. 立即 immigration [?m?'gre??n] n. 移民 import [?m?p??t] v.& n. 进口,输入 inn [?n] n. 小旅店;小饭店 insect [??nsekt] n. 昆虫 inspect [?n?spekt] vt. 检查;检验;审视 insure [?n????(r)] vt. 给……保险 iron [?a??n; (US) ?a??rn] n. 铁,熨斗 vt. 熨烫 irrigation [?r??ɡe??(?)n] n. 灌溉 jam [d??m] n. 果酱;阻塞 jar [d?ɑ?(r)] n. 罐子;坛子 jeep [d?i?p] n. 吉普车 jet [d?et] n. 喷气式飞机;喷射(器) jungle [?d???ɡ(?)l] n. 丛林,密林 justice [?d??st?s] n. 正义;公正;司法 lamb [l?m] n. 羔羊 lame?[le?m] a. 跛的,瘸的,残废的 lamp [l?mp] n. 灯,油灯;光源 lap [l?p] n. (人坐时)膝部.(跑道的)一圈 league [li?ɡ] n. 联盟,社团 leak [li?k] vi. 漏; 渗 liberation [l?b??re??(?)n] n. 解放 librarian [la??bre?r??n] n. 图书管理员;(西方的)图书馆馆长 lid [l?d] n. 盖子 litre (美liter) [li?t?(r)] n. 升; 公升 loaf [l??f] n. 一个面包 lounge?[la?nd?] n. 休息厅;休息室 luggage?[?l?ɡ?d?] n. (总称)行李 maple [?me?p(?)l] n. 枫树 marble [?mɑ?b(?)l] n. 大理石;玻璃弹子 marriage [?m?r?d?] n. 结婚,婚姻 melon [?mel?n] n. (甜)瓜;瓜状物 merchant [?m??t??nt] a. 商业的;商人的 n. 商人;生意人 messy [?mes?] a. 乱七八糟的 metal [?met(?)l] n. 金属 a. 金属制成的 microscope [?ma?kr?sk??p] n. 显微镜 microwave [?ma?kr??we?v] n. 微波 millimetre [?m?limi:t?(r)](Am millimeter) n.毫米 mineral [?m?n?r(?)l] n. 矿物质,矿物 minibus [?m?n?b?s] n. 小型公共汽车 ministry [?m?n?str?] n.(政府的)部 missile [?m?sa?l] n 导弹 mop [m?p] n. / v. 拖把 拖地 moral [?m?r(?)l; (US) ?m??r?l] a.道德的 n.寓意,道德启示 Moslem [?m?zl?m] n. 伊斯兰教徒,回教徒 mosquito [m??ski?t??] n.蚊子 moustache [m?s'tɑ:?] ? n. 小胡子 nail [ne?l] n. 钉,钉子 neat [ni?t] a. 整洁的;灵巧的 necklace [?nekl?s] n. 项链 negotiate [n??ɡ????e?t] v.谈判,协商 niece?[ni?s] n. 侄女,甥女 nuclear?[?nju?kl??(r)] a. 原子核的,原子能的,核动力的 numb?[n?m] a. 麻木的,失去知觉的,迟钝的 nursery [?n??s?r?] n. 托儿所 nut?[n?t] n.坚果,果仁(胡桃,栗子等) occupation?[?kj??pe??(?)n] n. 职业,工作 Oceania [???si?ɑ:ni?]n. 大洋洲 offshore [??f???(r); (US) ???f-]a. 近海的 optional [??p??n(?)l] a. 可选择的,选修的 outspoken?[a?t?sp??k?n] a. 直率,坦诚 oval?[???v(?)l] n.椭圆;椭圆形adj.卵形的;椭圆形的 owe [??]vt. 欠(债等) ox (复oxen) [?ks] n. 牛;公牛 package?[?p?k?d?] n.一包,一袋,一盒 paddle?[?p?d(?)l] n. 桨状物,蹼 pan [p?n] n. 平底锅 paperwork [?pe?p?w??k] n. 日常文书工作 parcel [?pɑ?s(?)l] n. 包裹 parrot [?p?r?t] n. 鹦鹉 pea [pi?]n. 豌豆 peach?[pi?t?] n. 桃子 pence?[pen] n. 便士 penny [?pen?] (英复pence) n. (英)便士;美分 pension [?pen?(?)n] n. 养老金 pepper [?pep?(r)] n. 胡椒粉 perfume [?p??fju?m] n. 香水 permanent [?p??m?n?nt] a. 永久的,永恒的 physicist [?f?z?s?st] n. 物理学家 pine?[pa?n] n. 松树 pint [pa?nt]n.(液量单位)品脱 plug [pl?ɡ] n. 塞子 vt.(用塞子)把…塞住 policy [?p?l?s?] n. 政策,方针,原则 politician [p?l??t??(?)n] n. 政治家 porter [?p??t?(r)] n. (火车站或旅馆处的)搬运工 postage [?p??st?d?] n. 邮费 postcode [?p??stk??d] n. (英)邮政编码 pray [pre?] v. 祈祷;祈求 prayer [pre?(r)] n. 祈祷 precise [pr??sa?s] a. 准确,精确的,确切的 pregnant [?preɡn?nt] a. 怀孕的 premier [?prem??(r); (US) pri??m??r] n. 首相,总理 prescription [pr??skr?p?(?)n] n. 处方,药方 preview [?pri?vju?] vt. 预习;试演;预展 privilege [?pr?v?l?d?] 特权,特殊待遇 psychology [sa??k?l?d??] n. 心理学 pub [p?b] n. 酒店,酒吧 punctuation n. 标点符号 pyramid [?p?r?m?d] n. 角锥形,金字塔 quake [kwe?k] n.& v. 震动,颤抖 quilt [kw?lt] n. 被子;被状物 radioactive [re?d?????kt?v] a. 放射性的 radium [?re?d??m] n. 镭 rainbow [?re?nb??] n. 虹,彩虹 rainfall [?re?nf??l] n. 一场雨; 降雨量 random [?r?nd?m] a.随意,未经事先考虑的 rat [r?t] n. 老鼠 rate [re?t] n./ v. 率,评估,评价 ray [re?] n. 光辉,光线 razor [?re?z?(r)] n. 剃须刀 receipt [r??si?t] n. 收据 recite [r??sa?t] v. 背诵 recreation [rekr??e??(?)n] n. 娱乐,消遣 refresh [r??fre?] v. 使恢复精力,提醒 register?[?red??st?(r)] n. 登记簿,花名册,注册员 v. 登记,注册 regular?[?reɡj?l?(r)] a. 规则的,经常 regulation [reɡj??le??(?)n] n. 规则,规章 rent?[rent] n.& v. 租金 request?[r??kwest] n. 请求,要求的事物 resign?[r??za?n] v. 辞职 retire?[r??ta??(r)] v. 退休 rewind?[ri??wa?nd] v. 回转(磁带等) ridiculous?[r??d?kj?l?s] a. 荒谬的,愚蠢的 ripe?[ra?p] a. 成熟的,熟的 ripen [?ra?p?n] v. 成熟 rob?[r?b] v. 抢夺,抢劫 rot [r?t] vi. 烂; 腐败 roundabout [?ra?nd?ba?t] a. & n. 绕道的,不直接的;转盘路 royal [?r???l] a. 皇家的,王室的,国王的,女王的 rubber [?r?b?(r)] n. 橡胶; 合成橡胶 sacred [?se?kr?d] a. 害怕,恐惧,担心 salesgirl [?se?lzɡ??l] n. 女售货员 salute [s??lu?t, s??lju?t] v.& n. 敬礼 saucer [?s??s?(r)] n. 茶碟,茶托,小圆盘 sausage [?s?s?d?; (US) ?s??s?d?] n. 香肠,腊肠 scratch[ kr?t? ] v./ n. 划破,划痕,划伤 seagull?[?si?ɡ?l] n. 海鸥 seed?[si?d] n. 种子 semicircle?[?sem?s??k(?)l] n. 半圆 seminar [?sem?nɑ:(r)] n.研讨会;研讨班,讲习会 session?[?se?(?)n] n.一场,一节,一段时间 settle?[?set(?)l] vi. 安家,定居 settlement?[?set?lm?nt] n. 新拓居地;(美)部落,村落 settler?[?setl?(r)] n. 移居者,开拓者 sew (sewed, sewn 或sewed) [s??] vi. 缝, 缝制;缝补;缝纫 shabby?[???b?] a.破旧,破烂,衣衫褴褛的 sharpen?[??ɑ?p?n] v. (使)变锐利,削尖 sharpener?[??ɑ?p?n?(r)] n. 削尖用的器具 shave (shaved, shaved 或 shaven) [?e?v]v. 刮(脸,胡子) shaver n. 电动剃须刀 shrink (shrank, shrunk / shrunk, shrunken) [?r??k]v. 缩小,收缩,减少 shuttle?[???t(?)l] n. 合拢 (往返与两个定点之间的)(火车汽车飞机)班车/机 sideroad [?sa?dr??d](Am sidewalk) n.人行道 sideways?[?sa?dwe?z] ad. 斜向一边的 signature?[?s?ɡn?t??(r)] n. 签名 sink [s??k] n. 洗涤槽;污水槽 skateboard [?ske?tb??d]n. 冰鞋,滑板 skyscraper [?ska?skre?p?(r)]n. 摩天楼 slide [sla?d]n.幻灯片,滑道 v.滑行,滑动 slip [sl?p]n. 片,条,纸片,纸条 sneeze [sne?k]v. 打喷嚏 sob [s??p]n.& v. 抽泣,啜泣 socket?[?s?k?t] n. (电源)插座 solar [?s??l?(r)]a. 太阳的 sort [s??t] v. 把…分类,拣选 n. 种类,类别 sow (sowed, sown 或-ed) [s??]vt.播种 spade?[spe?d] n. 铲子;纸牌中的黑桃 spear [sp??(r)]n. 矛,枪,梭镖 spiritual [?sp?r?t???l]a. 精神的; 心灵的 spoonful?[?spu?nf?l] n. 一匙(的量) squeeze [skwi:z] v. 挤压,捏,塞 stain?[ste?n] n. 污点,污渍,染色剂 stair?[ste?(r)] n. 楼梯 statesman/ woman (pl. statesmen/ women) ?[?ste?tsm?n] n. 政治家 steady?[?sted?] a. 稳固的;平稳的 steak?[ste?k] n. 牛排,肉排,鱼排 steward?[?stju??d; (US) ?stu??rd] n. (火车、飞机、轮船等)男服务员;男乘务员 stewardess?[stju???des, ?stju??d?s] n.女乘务员,空中小姐 stocking?[?st?k??] n. 长统袜 stout?[sta?t] a. 肥壮的,厚实牢固的 straightforward?[stre?t?f??w?d] a./ ad. 简单的,坦率的 strait?[stre?t] n. 海峡 straw?[str??] n. 稻草 subjective?[s?b?d?ekt?v] a. 主观的 submit?[s?b?m?t] v. 提交,呈递(文件,建议等) substitute ?[?s?bst?tju?t] v. 代替,取代 suck?[s?k] vt. 吸吮 suitcase?[?sju?tke?s] n.(旅行用)小提箱,衣箱 super?[?su?p?(r), ?sju?p?(r)] a. 顶好的,超级的 surplus?[?s??pl?s] n. 过剩,剩余 suspect?[s??spekt] n. 犯罪嫌疑人 v.怀疑;猜想 suspension?[s??spen?(?)n] n.暂令停职,推迟,延期 swap?[sw?p] v. 交换(东西) swing?[sw??] vt. 挥舞,摆动 n. 秋千 switch?[sw?t?] v./ n. 开关,转换,改变 sympathy?[?s?mp?θ?] n. 同情 systematic?[s?st??m?t?k] a.系统的,有条理的 taxpayer [?t?kspe??(r)] n. 纳税人 teapot?[?ti?p?t] n. 茶壶 telescope?[?tel?ɡrɑ?f; (US) -ɡr?f] n. 望远镜 tentative?[tent] a. 不确定的,踌躇的 terrify?[?ter?fa?] vt. 使人感到恐怖 theft?[θeft] n. 盗窃案 theoretical?[θ???ret?k(?)l] a. 理论的 thermos?[?θ??m?s] n. 热水瓶 thirst?[θ??d] n. 渴; 口渴 thorough?[?θ?r?; (US) ?θ?r??] a. 彻底的 thrill?[θr?l] n./ v. 兴奋,激动 thunderstorm [?θ?nd?st??m] n.雷电交加暴风雨 tough [?t?t(?)l?] a. 坚硬的;结实的;棘手的,难解的 tractor [?tr?kt?(r)] n. 拖拉机 transparent [tr?ns?p?r?nt] a.透明的,清澈的 trap [tr?p] n. 陷阱 vt. 使陷入困境 tremble [?tremb(?)l] v. 颤抖 trunk [tr??k] n. 树干;大箱子 turkey [?t??k?] n. 火鸡 unconditional [?nk?n?d???n(?)l] a.无条件,绝对的 unconscious [?n?k?n??s] a.昏迷,不省人事的 underline [?nd??la?n] v. 在…下划线 uniform [?ju?n?f??m] n. 制服 union [?ju?nj?n] n. 联合,联盟;工会 universe [?ju?n?v??s] n. 宇宙 unrest [?n?rest] n. 不安;骚动 upper [??p?(r)] a. 较高的,较上的 vague [ve?ɡ] a. 含糊的,紧迫的 vertical [?v??t?k(?)l] a. 垂直的,纵向的 vinegar ['vilid??] n. 醋 violinist [va???l?n?st] n. 提琴家,提琴手 virtue [?v??tju?] n. 美德,正直的品行,德行 visa [?vi?z?] n. 签证,背签 wag [?v???d?] v. 摇动;摆动 walnut [?w??ln?t] n. 核桃,胡桃 ward [w??d] n. 保卫,看护,病房,收容所 warehouse [?we?ha?s] n. 仓库,货栈 wax [w?ks] n. 蜡 weed [wi?d] n. 杂草,野草 worm [w??m] n. 软体虫,蠕虫(尤指蚯蚓) wrestle [?res(?)l] v. 摔跤 yawn [j??n] v. 打哈欠 yoghurt ['j?g?t,'j??-] n. 酸奶 zebra [?zebr?, ?zi?br?] n. 斑马 zone [zu?] n. 区域;范围

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  • ID:4-5611692 高一英语活动课---数词课件(共22张)

    高中英语/素材专区/其他资料

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  • ID:4-5551554 高考英语高考常用句型(Word版 无答案)

    高中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    高考常用句型 It is+ n /adj.( necessary/ important/essential )that + sb. (should) + do sth. It is important that we (should) keep the public places clean. It is + n / adj for sb. to do sth. It is a must that everybody should know how to use computers. It is convenient for us to be able to use computers It is +no/little use, no/much good, useless+doing sth. It’s no use crying over spilt milk. 翻译: 对一个高中生来说,在一周内完成这个任务是很有挑战性的。 _________________________________________________________ 很遗憾你错过了这么精彩的演出 __________________________________________________________ 你们真是太好了,我像在家里一样。 ____________________________________________________________ 跟他讲没用,因为他从来不听 ______________________________________________________________ sb. finds / thinks /feels + it + n./ adj.+ (for sb. ) to do sth. We think it our duty to work hard. She finds it necessary to take down notes while listening. They feel it important to have some working experience. 翻译: 他感到很难跟你交谈。 _____________________________________________________________ 我想乘船去那里更舒服些。 _____________________________________________________________ 我认为有可能用另一种方法解题。 _____________________________________________________________ 学校定了一条规则,开始上课时学生要起立。 _____________________________________________________________ 我认为与那个人谈话是无益的。 _____________________________________________________________ It is universally acknowledged that +从句/As is known to us/As we all know(众所周知) It is universally acknowledged that trees are important to us. 翻译: 众所周知,知识就是力量 ____________________________________________________________ 世界公认爱迪生是最伟大的发明家。 _____________________________________________ 众所周知,环境污染问题是中国乃至世界面临的最为严重的问题之一 _________________________________________________________ 在过去几十年,手机向我们提供了极大的便利。 _______________________________________________________________________ 众所周知,没有坚强的意志和坚忍不拔的精神,人是不会成功的。 ____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ With the development/improvement of society/economy/ science and teconology,, there are more and more problems brought to our attention, one of which is that … 翻译: 随着社会的发展,越来越多的问题引起人们的关注,其中之一就是污染 _________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ As time goes by / with time going by随着时间的推移 With time going by ,I gradually realize the importance of health. 翻译:随着时间的推移 ,高考即将来临 _________________________________________________ ~ the most +形容词+名词+ (that) +主词+ have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read… Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen. 翻译: 常老师是我见过的最善良的老师 __________________________________________________ Nothing is + more +形容词+ than to + V Nothing is more important than to receive education. 翻译: 没有什么比环保更重要的事。 _____________________________________ Nothing is more important than to potect our environment. 没有什么比学习知识更重要的事。 _______________________________________________    Nothing is more important than to gain knowledge. Sb. cannot emphasize the importance of ~ too much.(再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过 We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 翻译:我们再怎么强调教育的重要性也不为过。  __________________________________________ We cannot emphasize the importance of education. There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的……) There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse. 翻译: 不可否认健康是最重要的 _______________________________________________ There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的……) There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. 翻译: 毫无疑问,近视在我国的年轻人中是一个严重的问题。_____________________________________ There?is?no?doubt?that?nearsightedness?is?a?serious?problem?among?the?youth?of?our?countr 毫无疑问,你有困难时,会得到别人的帮助。 ___________________________________________ 毫无疑问,你的成功源于你的努力 ________________________________________ It is said/thought / known/reported / estimated/ believed / + (that)从句 据说(认为,知道,报导,估计,认为)… It's known that Hangzhou is a beautiful city. 翻译: 普遍认为阅读能增长人的知识,开拓我们的视野 _______________________________________  人们认为音乐有助于人们放松自己。 ________________________________________ 人们认为,音乐能帮助我们减轻生活和学习中的压力。 ________________________________________ An advantage of? is that + 句子(……的优点是……)   An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won't create(produce) any pollution. 翻译:锻炼身体的优点是它可以让我们保持健康。 __________________________________________________   An advantage of taking exercises is that it can make us keep healthy. The reason why + 句子is that + 句子(……的原因是……) The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provideus with fresh air. 翻译:我上课迟到的原因是闹钟今天早上没响。   ______________________________________________________________ So + 形容词 /副词+ be/ 助动词/情态动词 + 主词 + that + 句子(如此..以致于……) So fast does he run that we can’t catch up with him. 翻译:时间如此宝贵,我们必须珍惜 _____________________________________________ Adj + as /though+ Subject(主词)+ be, S + V (虽然……) Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by nomeans satisfactory. 翻译:虽然他很聪明,但还是解决不了这个问题 __________________________________________________  The + more + Adj + S + V, ~~~ the + more + Adj + S + V(愈……愈……) The harder you work, the more progress you make. 翻译:我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。 _______________________________________________________ by doing sth. sb. can …(借着……,……能够……) By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy. 翻译:通过阅读,我们可以扩大视野。 _________________________   By reading, we can broaden our horizon. enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (……使……能够……) Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed. 翻译: 旅行能丰富人们的生活。 ______________________________ Travelling enable our life to be enriched, 看电影能开阔视野。 _____________________________________   Watching movies enable our horizon to be broadened. On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能……)   On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.  翻译:我们绝对不能忽略教育的重要性。 _____________________________________   On no account can we ignore the importance of education. It is time + S + 过去式 (该是……的时候了)   It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems. 翻译:我们早该采取措施保护环境了 _____________________________________________________ be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不……) Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports. 翻译:期末考试即将来临,我不得不埋头学习 ______________________________________________ It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)    It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的)    It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的)    It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life. 翻译: 很明显他是错的 _____________________________________ Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的) We should spare no effort to beautify our environment. 翻译:我们会不遗余力地帮你 _____________________________________ due to / owing to the fact that ….? (因为……) He has few friends due to the fact that he is new here. 翻译: 你这次考试没及格是因为你不重视英语 _______________________________________________________ in spite of the fact that ….尽管 Kelly loved her husband in spite of the fact that he drank too much. 翻译:尽管她很努力,她考试还是没及格 __________________________________________________ Have a great influence on ~~ (对……有很大的影响) Smoking has a great influence on our health. 翻译:这次经历对我有很大的影响 _____________________________________________ do good to (对...有益),do harm to (对……有害) Reading does good to our mind. 翻译:工作过度对健康有害。 _____________________________ do one's utmost to + V = do one's best (尽全力去……) We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life. 翻译:我会尽全力去帮你 _________________________________ Among various kinds of …,…Of all the …, … 在各种…之中… Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular. 翻译: 在所有科目中,我最喜欢英语 ____________________________________ In my opinion= To my mind, = As far as I am concerned, …就我的看法…;我认为… In my opinion, playing computer games not only takes much time but also is harmful to health. 翻译: 依我看,你应该试一试 ____________________________________ I am greatly convinced (that) = I am greatly assured (that) 我深信… I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure. 翻译: 我深信努力一定会得到回报 ______________________________________________ Only in this way can sb. do …只有以这种方式,某人才能…. Only in this way can the problem be tackled properly. 翻译:只有当孩子们付出艰苦的努力他们才能获得成功。 _____________________________________ Not only do / does +主语+动词。。。。but also …..不但…,而且… Not only does studying in school serve academic purpose, but students learn how to handle interpersonal relations. 翻译: 我们不但要努力学习,而且还要积极参加各项活动 ______________________________________________________ When it comes to sth. / doing ….关于… When it comes to making friends, we must be careful. 翻译: 关于污染,我们都知道它的危害 ________________________________________ What's most important for us is that…..对我们来讲重要的是。。。。 What's most important for us is learning a lesson from failure and avoiding making the same mistakes. 翻译: 对我们来讲重要的是要放松 ________________________________________ It?goes?without?saying?that......=?It?is?obvious?that......=?Obviously,...???不用说/很明显,...... It goes with saying that everyone should keep a balanced diet for the benefit of health. 翻译:不用说英语很重要 ____________________________________________ As a popular saying goes, “….” ????俗话说得好,..…. As a popular saying goes, “ Actions speak louder than words.” 翻译:俗话说,有志者事竟成 ______________________________________ Some people hold the opinion that... ?有些人认为...... Some people hold the opinion that money is the source of happiness. 翻译: 有些人认为学生应该带手机 ______________________________________________ Compared with...,...??????和…...相比,...... Compared with traditional letters, e-mails have many advantages, such as fast speed and?free of charge. 翻译: 和其他同学相比,他付出了更多的努力 ______________________________________________ 3

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  • ID:4-5411766 人教版高中英语必修一U1简单句的建构与写作课件(40张ppt)+测试+教案

    高中英语/素材专区/其他资料

    简单句的 建构与写作 Learning aims (学习目标) 1. 通过有关圣诞节的歌曲和文章了解简单句 的五种基本句型 2. 通过描写春节的图片学会正确应用五种基 本句型 3. 通过写作有关春节的文章达到学以致用 Task I 视频热身 What is the most important festival in western countries? Watch a video We wish you a merry Christmas Let's enjoy the song and answer: What do you think of the lyrics(歌词)? We wish you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. Good tidings we bring to you and your kin; Oh, bring us a figgy pudding and bring it out here We won't go until we get some, so bring some out here They are simple and short. So they are called simple sentences(简单句). Task II 归纳总结 1. (You) bring us a figgy pudding. 2. We won't go. 3. We get some. Look at the lyrics(歌词) and try to analyze the structure of each sentence. ================================================ 压缩包内容: 捕获 02.wmv 简单句的建构与写作 测试.doc 简单句的建构与写作.doc 简单句的建构与写作.ppt

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  • ID:4-5077388 高中英语语法初步解析

    高中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    高中英语语法初步解析 学习英语句法要始终抓住句子的"成分"和"语序",简单地说句法要掌握的就是各成分在句子中的位置,即英语的表达习惯,而不是中文的表达习惯。同时,要学好简单句,因为并列句、复合句以及特殊句式都是从简单句中变化而来的。一般而言,并列句是简单句加并列连词加简单句。复合句是主句加从属连词加从句,从句在主句中担任什么成分就叫什么从句。特殊句式是从正常语序根据语法需要变化而来。总之,句法讲究的是"形式主义",这是中英表达的差异之一。不能很好的构建这种形式是句法学习的难点。下面附简单句的基本结构图。 句法掌握不好影响最大的最明显的是写作(书面表达)。高考书面表达的评分要求是:使用较多的语法结构,尽可能使用较复杂的语法结构,准确地使用语法结构,避免语法结构错误,语法结构单调。如果你写不出语法结构正确的句子,很难在写作中得高分 因为涉及句子的成分--谓语,谓语动词可以说是一个句子的灵魂,正确的谓语动词的形式是写好句子最基本的条件,所以本全集将主谓一致、谓语动词的时态与语态、谓语动词的时态与语态的特殊情况、不规则动词表以及虚拟语气收集在句法部分。 语法填空 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Mr. James owns a company. He put an advertisement __1__ a newspaper for a boy to work in his office. Out of nearly fifty people__2__ came to apply, the man selected one and dismissed __3__ others. "I would like to know," said a friend, "the reason you preferred that boy, who brought neither a single letter, __4__ a single recommendation." "You are wrong," said the gentlemen. "He had many. He wiped his feet at the door and closed the door behind him, __5__ (mean) that he was careful. He gave his seat immediately to an old man, showing that he was kind and __6__ (thought). He took off his cap when he came in and answered my questions quickly, showing that he was a polite gentleman. Everyone else stepped over the book that I __7__ (put) on the floor purposely. He picked __8__ up and placed it on the table, and he waited quietly for his turn instead of pushing and crowding. When I talked to him, I noticed his tidy clothing, his__9__ (neat) brushed hair, and his clean finger mails. Can't you see that these are excellent recommendations? I considered them to be more significant than__10__ (letter). Hearing the words, the friend nodded in agreement. ↓↓↓Click here答案自查 1.考查介词搭配,in 2.考查定语从句,who/that 3.考查冠词,the 4.考查连词,nor 5.考查非谓语动词,meaning 6.考查词性与构词法,thoughtful 7.考查时态,had put 8.考查代词,it 9.考查词性与构词法,neatly 10.考查名词的复数,letters 句子成分 一.主语 a. 谓语动词前,动作的执行者。 1. English is widely used all over the world.? 2. We like English very much. 3. They often speak English after class. 4. One third of the students in our class are good at English. 5. To master a foreign language is necessary. ? ? ?=It is necessary to master a foreign language. 6. To swim in summer is a great pleasure. ? ? ?=It is a great pleasure to swim in summer. . 二.谓语 a. 主语所做的动作或具有的状态。 b. 可以由连系动词(be, become, smell…), 及物动词(vt,后须带宾语), 不及物动词(vi,后不直接带宾语), 情态动词(must, may, can…)加动词原形及短语动词来充当; c. 谓语动词的时态与语态; d. 不作谓语的动词称为非谓语动词,动词作其它成分。 1. He looked a little bit excited. 2. They have been here for several days. 3. Li Ming fell ill last week. 4. The foreign guests have already left. 三.表语 a. 放在连系动词后,表示主语的内容、状态和特征等。 1. The food smells good/nice. 2. The country music is becoming more and more popular. 3. Mr. King is our teacher of English. 4. Beijing is the capital of China. 5. She was the first to learn about it. 6. This English-Chinese dictionary is hers. 7. The door remained open. 四.宾语 a. 动作的对象,位于及物动词后。介词后作介词宾语。 b. ...作...的宾语。 1. He is going to buy a dictionary. 2. I need three pieces of paper. 3. We are thinking about the plan. 4. We should learn from him.? 5. We should respect the old and love the young. 五.定语 a. 用来限定,修饰名词或代词。要注意定语后置的情况。 b. ...限定...(名、代)。 1. Hangzhou is a beautiful city 2. More than thirty students in our class have read the book 3. His rapid progress in English made us surprised. 4. You should follow the doctor’s advice and do more exercises. 5. There are over sixty women teachers in our school. 定语后置的情况: 1. 介词短语作定语 ? ?? ? ?the students in our class/ the boy under the tree 2. doing/done/to do短语作定语 ?? ? ?the bridge built 100 years ago /? ? ?the language spoken there something to do 3. 形容词修饰不定代词any-, every-, no-, some- 和 -body,-one, -thing 等 ? ?something interesting/new 4. here/ there/ above/ below/concerned (相关的) / present/ ? ?people there/ the picture above/ ? ? people concerned ? ? ?people present 5. 形容词短语作定语 ? ? ?? ? ?the basket full of fruits? ? ?a place worth a visit 6. 定语从句 7. 两个形容词用and 或or连接作定语,进一步说明作用时。 ? ?people, young or old 找一找下面句子中折后置定语。 1. He did everything possible to help us.? 2. There is something wrong with the computer.? 3. They are the boys easiest to teach.? 4. Students brave enough to take this adventure course will certainly learn a lot of useful skills.? 5. Power stations, large and small, have been set up all over the country.? 6. The basket full of fruits belongs to the beautiful girl.? 7. Every book, new or old , should be put in the room.? 8. The Smiths need a car garage twice larger than this one.? 9. The professors present at the meeting came from Shandong University.? 10. A car worth $ 80,000 is not too dear for him to buy.? 11. People in the village, young and old, went to see the film yesterday evening.? 12. They produced gases almost as harmful as the gases from the factories.? 13. There was an ancient tree 30 metres high.? 14. People aware of their own shortcomings are wise.? 六.状语 a. 用来修饰动词,形容词,副词或整个句子; b. 说明时间,地点,条件,原因,目的,结果,程度,伴随等情况。 1. Light travels most quickly. ?He drives his car carefully. 2. He has lived in the city (since ten years ago). 3. Factories and buildings are seen here and there. 4. He is proud to have passed the English exam. 5. To buy a computer, I need money. 七.宾语补足语 a. 有些宾语后须跟宾补,否则句子意义不完整,用来说明宾语的状态或特征。 八.同位语 a. 用来对名词或代词的进一步解释,可由单词,短语或从句来充当; b. 可以理解为:名语A=名词B, B作为A的同位语。 1. Beijing, the capital of China, is my hometown. 2. Mr. White, our English teacher, is very kind to us. 语气是动词的一种形式,表示说话人对某一行为或事情的看法和态度。可分为: a. 陈述语气:表示动作或状态是现实的、确定的或符合事实的,用于陈述句、疑问句和某些感叹句。 b. 祈使语气:表示说话人对对方的请求或命令。 c. 虚拟语气:表示动作或状态不是客观存在的事实,而是说话人的主观愿望、假设或推测等。 虚拟语气的用法 在条件状从句中(条件从句有两类,一是真实条件句,另一是虚拟条件句。) ▲含蓄的虚拟语气 but for(要不是) = ( If there weren’t for…/ If there hadn’t been for…) without..., otherwise(否则)=or .... ▲当条件状语从句表示的行为和主句表示的行为所发生的时间不一致时,动词的形式要根据它所表示的时间来调整。 ▲从句省略if, 用倒装句式“were (had, should) + 主语” ▲as if(though) 好像,似乎;wish(that…), 但愿;would rather(that…) 宁愿某人…;If only 要是…就好了 1) I'd rather he didn’t go now. 2) I wish you would stop asking silly questions. 2. 名词性从句中“建议,吃惊”等语气 1) 在宾语从句中 ? 在表示建议、要求、命令等的动词suggest(建议)advise(劝告) propose(建议)demand(要求)require(要求)insist(坚持要求)request(要求)command(命令)order(命令)等后的宾语从句中 ▲suggest, insist不表示建议或坚持要求某人做某事时,即它们用于其本意暗示、坚持认为时,宾语从句用陈述语气。 Jane's pale face suggested that she was ill, and her parents suggested that she have a medical examination. The old man insisted that I had taken his wallet. In fact, I didn't.2) 在同位语从句和表语从句中 ?表示建议、要求、命令等的名词advise、order、demand、plan、proposal、suggestion、request等表语和同位语从句中。 3) 在主语从句中 ?谓语动词的虚拟语气用 (should) do 的结构,表示惊奇、不相信、理应如此还可用来表示建议、命令、要求和失望等。 注意:如果说人对这种事实表现出惊奇的情感,就可用虚拟语气。反之,如果不表示惊奇等情感,that从句也可用陈述句语气。 It is a pity that you can’t swim.? It is a pity that ?that she didn’t come yesterday. 3、其他形式的虚拟语气 1) 动词 think; hope; expect; want; mean; intend; plan ? 等表示过去未曾实现的愿望,意为“过去本来…” I had hoped that she would go to the USA and study there, but she liked to stay in China. 2) 用于in case 或for fear that引导的状语从句中。 Don't lock the door in case he should come back late at ?night. Take the umbrella for fear that it should rain tomorrow 简单句 由一个(并列)主语和一个(并列)谓语构成的句子. 1) He works hard at English. 2) Both Tom and Jack enjoy pop music. 3) We sang and danced yesterday evening. 4) My brother and I go to school at half past seven in the morning and come back at seven in the evening. 1简单句的五种基本结构 -- 各成分在句中的排列顺序(语序) ①主语+连系动词+表语 ?( S + V + P ?) 连系动词:连系主语和表语,没有被动形式,后接形容词,名词。说明主语的状况、性质、特征等情况。有些系动词又可作实义动词。 (1) 表状态: be/stand/lie/stay/keep/remain/fall... ?? (2) 表变化: turn/become/get/grow/go/come... (3) 表感觉: taste/smell/sound/look/feel/ appear/seem... (4) 表证实: prove/turn out... 1) The fish smells terrible. It must be bad. 2) Alice is like his father. She is friendly to everyone. ②主语+不及物动词 ?( S + Vi )? a.及物动词(vt): 后须带宾语。如: receive, find, like, buy等。 b.不及物动词(vi): 后不需宾语,如要加宾语须有介词。如: look, go, listen, work, rise, sit, come, happen等。不及物动词没有被动形态。 c.有些动词既可作及物又可作不及物,如: ring, speak, grow, read, sing等 1) My father has gone abroad. ?? ? ? Ann is waiting for Kate at the gate. ③主语+及物动词+宾语 ( S + Vt + O ) ? a. 及物动词除单词动词以外, 还有短语动词, 它由单词动词加介,副词构成。在使用时,作为一个整体来看,它也可分为及物和不及物. b.(及物动词) look into/ call on/ look after/ work out/ catch up with/ go on with/ break away from/ look down upon/ take care of/ take part in/ play a part in/ be afraid of / be fond of/ be familiar with… (不及物动词) ...stay up/ break out/ come out/ die out/ look out/ give in/ turn up/ come back/ set out 1) I usually do my homework at home in the evening. 2) Canada has a great deal of coal, oil and gas. 3) He decided to work harder at English. 10)You'd better look up the word in a dictionary. ④主语+及物+间接宾语/人+直接宾语/物 ( S + Vt + IO + DO ) 可接双宾语的常用动词 a.间接宾语也可位于直接宾语后,此时两者之间要加介词for或to.? b. 有些动词只能以"动词 + 事物 + to / for 某人" 出现。 主语+及物+宾语+宾补  ( S + Vt + O + Oc ) a. 宾语补足语和宾语合称为复合宾语。汉语中含有“使成为,称作,以为,保持”等意义的动词常带复合宾语。如:call/ consider/ think/ elect/ find/make/ leave/ …? 1) You must keep the room clean and tidy. 2) We consider the boy (to be) honest. 3) We found a man lying on the ground. 2下列各句含有什么状语从句 01. It was raining when he arrived at the station. 02. He kept working as if nothing had happened. 03. He was so angry that?he left there without saying a word. 04. The project was completed earlier than we had expected. 05. As soon as he came to the classroom, he began to read English. 06. Now that?you have grown up, you must do it by yourself. 07. The teacher spoke clearly so that his students could understand. 08. I won’t go to the party unless I am invited. 09. I will buy the picture, however?expensive it is. 10. Make a mark (记号) where you have any questions. 11. He didn’t come to school because he was ill.? 12. No matter what you say, no one believes you. 13. I have written to him twice since?I left school. 14. Even though?I may fail, ?I will try again. 15. Take a raincoat with you in case it rains. 4目的状语从句 5结果状语从句 6让步状语从句 7比较状语从句 8方式状语从句 9原因状语从句 4同义连词与介词的用法比较 连词: because; though; ?in case; ?as (随着); ?in order that; ?as soon as; while (在…过程中); since …后接状语从句介词:?because of; ?despite/ in spite of; in case of; ?with; ?on/upon (一…就…); during; since…后接名词或代词. in order (to do不定式); 1. He didn't come to school because he was ill. =He didn't come to school______ his illness. 2. Though he is ill, he still goes to school. =______his illness, he still goes to school.? 3. You'd better take an umbrella with you in case it rains. =You'd better take an umbrella with you______ rain. 4. I work hard ______ I can catch up with others. =I work hard in order to catch up with others. 5. ______science and technology develop, people's life is becoming better. =With the development of science and technology, people's life is becoming better. 6. As soon as I return, I will phone you. ?? =______ my return, I will phone you. 1. because of ?2. Despite或 In spite of ?3. in case of ?4. in order that ?5. As ? 6. On/Upon 5用适当的连词填空 01. We must wait ______the train gets to the station. 02. It is six months ______ she began to teach in our school. 03. ______ he has walked a long way, he doesn’t look a bit tired. 04. We won't go to the town ______it rains. 05. I ws taking a walk ______ I met with an old friend. 06. ______I could stop him, he had rushed out. 07. ______much I tried, I failed to work out the maths problem. 08. He took off his coat ______he felt hot. 09. ______ she says, I won't believe her. 10. ______everybody is here, let's begin our meeting. 11. You will never make progress ______ you work hard. 12. Hardly had he begun to speak ______the audience cheered. 13. Read the text slowly _____you may understand the story better. 14. ______time goes by, the boys know more and more. 15. Matches should be kept _______children can’t get them. 16. The lady spoke ______she were a young girl. 1.until/till ?2.since ?3.Though ?4.if ? 5.when ?6.Before ?7.However或No matter how ?8.because ?9.No matter what或Whatever ?10.Since ? 11.unless ?12.when 13.so that ?14.As ?15.where ?16.as if

  • ID:4-4335448 2018届南京、盐城一模英语试题点评和每道题的详细解析

    高中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    试卷原卷下载https://www.21cnjy.com/H/4/39951/4216586.shtml 2018届南京、盐城一模点评和每道题的详细解析 前言 2018届南京、盐城一模这套卷子,相比二模,三模而言,不偏不怪,难度适中。其中完型的命题套路和高考相似,阅读理解的阅读量比高考小,但是还是以同义替换为主打。任务型低于高考难度,以同义替换和固定搭配为主。写作难度与高考持平,素材的生僻程度应该低于2017年的电影票房收入,但是2幅图加大了考生30个字概括的难度。 此套试卷82分算合格,98分算高分。 单选 总评:单选难度中规中矩,词汇以词义辨析和语境选词为主,语法常规考察项目都有涉及,难度不大。情景交际和谚语、俗语也不偏不倚,综合难度低于2017年高考难度,考生要有信心冲刺单选满分。 答案:21. B 22.D 23. A 24. D 25. A 26. D 27.C 28. A 29. B 30. C 31. C 32.C 33. B 34. A 35. D 详细解析: 第21题考察名词词义辨析。A为循环/传播/流通,B为交换,C为传播,D为密谋/策划/绘制。根据句意:他们都坐在桌边,谈笑风生,交换各自分别多年后的故事。可知选B。 第22题考察名词词义辨析。A为当代的,B为宗教的,C为(有关)历史的,D为共同的/普世的。根据句意:这部叫做Coco的电影包含了两个普世的主题,即追求梦想以及我们该如何记住我们所爱之人。可知选D。 第23题考察名词词义辨析。A为表示某人态度的姿态(熟词僻义),B为影响/作用,C为计划/方案,D为概念。根据句意:小小的(表明个人态度的)姿态往往能创造巨大的福气。可知选A。 第24题考察动词短语固定搭配。A为确保,B为趋向/往往,C为达到/相当于,D为同意/赞成。根据句意:对一个人来说,当他不知道另一个世界的样子的时候,他是很难赞成接受它们的。故选D。 第25题考察副词词义辨析。A为实在/根本/简直(熟词僻义),B为相同地,C为牢固地/坚决地,D为

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    • 2018-03-20
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  • ID:4-4212584 《普通高中英语课程标准(2017年版)》(WORD版)

    高中英语/素材专区/文字资料

    普通高中 英语课程标准 (2017年版) 中华人民共和国教育部制定 人民教育出版社 ·北京· 前言 党的十九大明确提出:“要全面贯彻党的教育方针,落实立德树人根本任务,发展素质教育,推进教育公平,培齐德智体美全面发展的社会主义建设者和接班人。 基础教育课程承载着党的教育方针和教育思想,规定了教育目标和教育内容,是国家意志在教育领域的直接体现,在立德树人中发挥着关键作用。 2003年,教育部印发的普通高中课程方案和课程标准实验稿,指导了十余年来普通高中课程改革的实践,坚持了正确的改革方向和先进的教育理念,基本建立起适合我国国情、适应时代发展要求的普通高中课程体系,促进了教育观念的更新,推进了人才培养模式的变革,提升了教师队伍的整体水平,有效推动了考试评价制度的改革,为我国基础教育质量的提高作出了积极贡献。但是,面对经济、科技的迅猛发展和社会生活的深刻变化,面对新时代社会主要矛盾的转化,面对新时代对提高全体国民素质和人才培养质量的新要求,面对我国高中阶段教育基本普及的新形势,普通高中课程方案和课程标准实验稿还有一些不相适应和亟待改进之处。 2013年,教育部启动了普通高中课程修订工作。本次修订深入总结21世纪以来我国普通高中课程改革的宝贵经验,充分借鉴国际课程改革的优秀成果,努力将普通高中课程方案和课程标准修订成既符合我国实际情况,又具有国际视野的纲领性教学文件,构建具有中国特色的普通高中课程体系。 一、修订工作的指导思想和基本原则 (一)指导思想 以马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观、习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,深入贯彻党的十八大、十九大精神,全面贯彻党的教育方针,落实立德树人根本任务,发展素

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    • 2018-01-21
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