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  • ID:4-4771318 2018初升高英语综合测试题

    高中英语//高一上册

    第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文 ,从每题所给的四个选项 (A 、B 、C 和 D )中 ,选出最佳选项 ,并在题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Blink: a boy, aged 18 Birth date: October 15th, 1991 Speaking: English, Russian Now in: Dodge City, Kansas From: Pratt, Kansas Learning: Japanese, Chinese, Spanish About me: I love all outdoor activities, especially playing ball games, traveling, and climbing. I play the guitar, and can say that I’m really good at it. I also like playing chess, but I don’t play it well. If you’re good at it, maybe you can teach me. I’m going to college this September. All I really want to do during the summer holiday is travel, teach, and learn languages (this is my hobby), see things, and build great friendships. I’d like people aged 17-20 to get in touch with me, both girls and boys. It’s better if you’re from Beijing or Tokyo. I’ve made 15 friends over the Internet. If you’d like to be one of them, send me an email at blink001@yahoo.com. My MSN is blink001@hotmail.com. I’d love to be your friend! Where is Blink now? In Dodge City. B. In Pratt. C. In Beijing. D. In Tokyo. What is Blink NOT good at? Playing the guitar. B. Playing ball games. C. Playing chess. D. Learning languages. What is Blink’s purpose of writing this passage? To make friends. B. To go on a trip. C. To learn foreign languages. D. To introduce his hobbies. B For many years, I strongly believed that my suffering was because of my size. I imagined that when the weight disappeared, it would take old wounds, hurts and rejections with it. Many people with weight problems also mistakenly believe that changing our bodies will fix everything. Perhaps our mistake is believing that being thin equals being loved, being special, and being cared for. We fantasize(幻想) about what it will be like when we reach the long-awaited goal. We work very hard to realize this dream. Then, at last, we find ourselves there. But we often gain back what we have lost. Even so, we continue to believe that next time it will be different. Next time, we will keep it off. Next time, being thin will finally bring us happiness, self-worth, and, of course, love. It took me a long time to realize that there was something more for me to learn about beauty. Different cultures have different standards ( 标 准 ) of beauty. In Samoa a woman is not considered attractive unless she weighs more than 200 pounds. More importantly, if it’s happiness that we want, why not put our energy th ere rather than on the size of our body? Why not look inside? Many of us struggle hard to change our body, but in vain. We have to find a way to live comfortably inside our body and make friends with and care for ourselves. When we change our attitudes towards ourselves, the whole world changes. 24.The passage tries to stress the importance of . A. body size B. different beauty standards C. culture difference D. attitudes towards life 25.What does the underlined word “everything” in paragraph 2 mean? A. The whole world. B. All the problems. C. All the dreams. D. All the truth. 26.What can be inferred about the author? The author is a Samoan. The author probably got wounded in wars or accidents. The author succeeded in losing weight. The author has been troubled by her / his weight. 27.Which of the following statements is true? One’s happiness is determined by a person’s weight. Not all countries take being thin as the standard of beauty. It’s entirely wrong to care about whether a person is fat or not. Once a person loses weight, he/she won’t gain back the weight easily. C Last spring, I was fortunate to be chosen to join in an exchange study program. The moment I arrived in Paris, I was greeted by a nice French couple who would become my host parents. The bit of French I had taken in high school began coming out of my mouth; speaking the language would only become more natural over the course of the term. At the airport, we all got into the couple’s car and began the journey to their townhouse. We talked the whole way, getting to know one another. Every day afterwards, I would eat breakfast with the two of them, and then we’d all go our separate ways for the day. In the evening, my host mother would make delicious dinners for the three of us. My experience was exciting until I received some shocking news from my program coordinator(协调人): There had been a death in my host parents' family and they would have to go away for several weeks to deal with all the business that arises from the death. That afternoon, I had to move out of one family's house and into another. The coordinator told me I'd have a roommate and asked whether I would mind sharing a bedroom with an English speaker. To avoid speaking my native language, I asked not to be placed with an English-speaking roommate. When I got to my new room, I introduced myself to my new roommate Paolo, a Brazilian(巴西人), the same age as I, whom I was surprised to find playing one of my favorite CDs on his computer! In just a few hours, we knew we'd be good friends for the rest of the term. I left France with many stories, so when people ask me what my favorite part of the trip was, they always hear about my Brazilian friend Paolo and the weekdays in class, weeknights on the town, and weekends exploring France we enjoyed together. I would recommend an exchange program to anyone who wants to experience foreign cultures and gain meaningful friendships. What do we learn about the author? He was good at French before arriving in Paris. He studied in France for a term. He got to his host family by taxi. D. He worked very hard in France on weekends. Why did the author move into another host family? He wanted to make friends with different people. The first family’s host mother was seriously ill. The first family had to leave for some time. D. He hoped to live with an English speaker. What helped start the author’s friendship with Paolo? Lessons B. Stories C. Music D. English Why did the author write the text? To show the importance of learning foreign cultures. To discuss how to build meaningful friendships. To explain how exchange study programs work. To describe his experiences in an exchange program. D We know that many animals do not stay in one place. Birds, fish and other animals move from one place to another at a certain time. They move for different reasons: most of them mo ve to find food more easily, but others move to get away from places that are too crowded. When cold weather comes, many birds move to warmer places to find food. Some fishes give birth in warm water and move to cold water to feed. The most famous migration(迁徙)is probably the migration of the fish, which is called “salmon”. This fish is born in fresh water but it travels many miles to salt water. There it spends its life. When it is cold, it returns to its birthplace in fresh water. Then it gives birth and dies there. In northern Europe, there is a kind of mouse. They leave their mountain homes when they become too crowded. They move down to the low land. Sometimes they move all the way to the seaside, and many of them are killed when they fall into the sea. Recently, scientists have studied the migration of a king of lobster. Every year, when the season of bad weather arrives, the lobsters get into a long line and start to walk across the floor of the ocean. Nobody knows why they do this, and nobody knows where they go. So, sometimes we know why humans and animals move from one place to another, but at other time we don’t. Maybe things just like to travel. Most animals move from one place to another at a certain time to . give birth B. enjoy warmer weather C. find food more easily D. find beautiful places The fish called “salmon” spends a long life in . salt water B. rivers C. fresh water D. its birthplace The lobsters move . to the fresh water B. to the sea floor C. at a certain time D. to find more food What is the main idea of the passage? Animals move in order to find food more easily The migration of the fish called “salmon” is the most famous migration. Living things move from one place to another because they like to travel Sometimes we know why and how living things move from one place to another, but sometimes we don’t. 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 (将选项涂在答题卡相应的71-75题) After entering high school, you must wonder how to study well. Here are some good skills for you. Go to class. If you want to do well at school, going to class is the first step in studying well. If you miss classes, you will miss what the teacher thinks is important; as a result, you’ll miss what is the most likely to end up on the test 36 . Take good notes. Try not to write down everything. 37 . Write down unfamiliar terms. After class, review your notes as soon as possible. You can fill in details that you missed and review the material while it is still fresh on your mind. 38 _ If you are struggling in class, talk to your teacher. He or she may be able to give you more help or tutor you before or after class. Most teachers have little sympathy ( 同 情 ) for students who just become worried about failing during the last few weeks of the grading period. Take part in class discussions. In order to learn more in class, it is helpful to take part in class discussions. Asking questions and having eye contact with your teachers and classmates can increase your participation ( 参 与 ) and your focus during the class discussion. 39 . This helps you make your point clear in class. Form study groups. 40 . Make sure that everyone is familiar with the material because you do not want to spend time re-teaching material to people who do not understand it. Be careful! Sometimes group sessions can become chatting sessions. Don’t be late for your class. Talk to your teacher if you need help. You should write down all the new terms. So if you want to study well, go to every class. Get students together who want to do well in class. All you need is to put the main points in your own words. If the material is difficult, you’d better read it before class. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 We never talked about school as the ticket to the future. I was in the classroom, but I wasn't there to learn how to write, read or even 41 . When it was my turn to read, I wanted to 42 . I was 13 years old, 43 I already hated being who I was. I had a(n) 44 teacher, Mr. Creech, who knew I couldn't read. And he found it 45 to make my secret known to others. He 46 me and said, “Anthony, why don't you read the next paragraph?” I didn't even know what the paragraph was. I 47 to read what was in front of me, but the only sound of my voice 48 resulted in laughter. From then on, I never gave up practicing reading. Now I am 41 years old. One day, I planned to 49 back to Texas to visit my family and friends. On my way from the airport, I saw Mr. Creech 50 himself a drink. I rushed over and reached into my 51 to pay for him. “Do I know you?” he asked. “Yes, sir, you do know me,” I answered 52 . “My name is Anthony Hamilton. You taught me English.” The look on his face told me that he remembered the 53 he’d once shamed. “I'm so 54 that I had a chance to see you again,” I said. “And Mr. Creech, I have great 55 to share.” I had learned to 56 . But that wasn't all. I had become a published 57 and an active speaker. “The next time you get another Anthony Hamilton in your 5 8 , please encourage him to read as well," I said. The experts say what once 59 me has a name: dyslexia (诵读困难症). But I can tell you it was a lack of 60 for education. A. listen B. paint C. speak D. act A. jump B. hide C. sleep D. succeed A. but B. and C. although D. so A. Chinese B. history C. geography D. English A. important B. strange C. necessary D. unwise A. turned to B. looked after C. looked down upon D. paid attention to A. managed B. failed C. liked D. tried A. gradually B. frequently C. immediate ly D. directly A. drive B. fly C. walk D. ride A. buying B. making C. fetching D. sending A. pocket B. machine C. clothes D. arms A. shyly B. proudly C. excitedly D. angrily A. girl B. man C. woman D. boy A. upset B. glad C. regretful D. grateful A. news B. jobs C. chances D. ideas A. work B. write C. read D. teach A. author B. assistant C. teacher D. doctor A. company B. factory C. house D. classroom A. hurt B. worried C. hit D. confused A. excuse B. ability C. desire D. help 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 That morning I was playing soccer with my friends. We ran home after the strong earthquake and after that I heard a 61 (real) loud noise, like a plane. When I looked at the sea I saw something I had never seen before and I was terrified. My family 62 (rush) into our truck but the road was full of people trying 63 (escape). The black waves bit our truck, turning us over several 64 (time) before l lost consciousness(知 觉 ). When I regained consciousness I was in the water. Holding on to 65 school chair, I floated until I landed on a beach. I had no idea where I was and I was so hungry and 66 (thirst). There were bodies and pieces everywhere. Under a tree I saw a mattress( 床 垫 ) had been 67 (wash) up to the beach and I started searching for packets of noodles and bottles of water, collecting them around my mattress. After five days I didn't have any water or food left. I survived there by 68 (me) for 20 days. When people came to collect the bodies, they rescued me 69 took me to Fakinah hospital, 70 I found my father. 第四部分 写作(共两节;满分35分) 第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? ),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 I 'm a middle school student name Li Ming. I'm writing to tell you something. Recently I have noticed many of my classmates often go to the cyber cafe near our school. I went there too in the other day. I was surprising to see many students playing computer games, watching films or chat. Some students are even talking about love affairs online. On my opinion, the cyber cafe should be a place which we can find much useful informations. The Internet should be a window to the outside world rather than place for games. The Internet is good if we make good use of them. Otherwise, it will do us great harm. So the local government should take measures to make sure that students use cyber cafes positively. 笫二节 书面表达(满分25分) 假如你是李华,你的同学刘明对学习英语感到茫然,甚至想放弃学习英语,请你用英语写一封回信, 告诉他学英语的重要性,并对刘明的英语学习提出建议。 内容要点:1. 学英语的重要性:和外国人交流,为祖国服务。 2. 英语学习提出建议:读英语新闻,认真听课、记笔记、完成作业,和同学用英语交流等。注意:1. 词数 100 左右。 2. 可适当加入细节,以使行文连贯。 【作文范文背诵】 Dear Liu Ming, I’m sorry you are having trouble in learning English, and you want to give it up. As we all know, leaning English is important and the situation is easy to change if you take my advice. As a matter of fact, it is of great importance for us to learn English well. If we learn it well , we can serve our motherland heart and soul and communicate with foreigners well. Here are several tips on how to learn English well. Firstly, you should spare no effort to read interesting English news, which can help you increase the interest in English. In addition, listening to your English teacher seriou sly, taking notes and finishing homework will be the key to English learning. Finally, it would be a good idea if you try to communicate with your classmates. By doing this, you will realize that it’s easy and relaxing to learn English well. I hope you will find these ideas useful and believe yourself! Yours, Li Hua 2018 初升高综合测试题 (新高一英语试题) 选择题答案: 听力 1-5 ABABB 6-10 CBABB 11-15 ACBCA 16-20 ABBCA 阅读理解 21-23 ACA 24-27 DBDB 28-31 BCCD 32-35 CACD 36-40 DFBGE 41-45 CBADC 46-50 ADCBA 51-55 ACDBA 56-60 CADBC 非选择题答案: 语法填空 61. really 62. rushed 63. to escape 64. times 65. a 66. thirsty 67. washed 68. myself 69. and 70. where 改错第四部分写作: 改 错 1.name—named 2.in 删去 3.surprising---surprised. 4.chat---chatting 5.are---were 6.On---In 7.which---where 8.informations---information 9.than 后加 a 10.them—it 作文范文 Dear Liu Ming, I’m sorry you are having trouble in learning English, and you want to give it up. As we all know, leaning English is important and the situation is easy to change if you take my advice. As a matter of fact, it is of great importance for us to learn English well. If we learn it well , we can serve our motherland heart and soul and communicate with foreigners well. Here are several tips on how to learn English well. Firstly, you should spare no effort to read interesting English news, which can help you increase the interest in English. In addition, listening to your English teacher seriou sly, taking notes and finishing homework will be the key to English learning. Finally, it would be a good idea if you try to communicate with your classmates. By doing this, you will realize that it’s easy and relaxing to learn English well. I hope you will find these ideas useful and believe yourself! Yours, Li Hua